Frieze of Ara Pacis, Alegorical panel, detail of emperial procession, marble, tells pax figure with sea and land wind
-Tiberius became new ruler after Augustus
-Whole family represented
-Mother Earth Figure(Tellus) Peace, nymphs on the side, one swan and dolphin, winds of the earth: Sea and land
-Augustus is divine emperor, in control of the sea and land symbolic meanings
-Meander(pattern) associated with ancient Greece
-Vegetal forms represent prosperity for the empire
Augustus's promotion of women and the family
-Taxes men who promoted family
-To encourage bigger population for army(men) to conquer more territories and expand Roman Empire
-After conquering leave some soldiers there and intermarry with local women
-Efficient at colonizing large areas, empire
-Promoted womens work (weave)
Pont du Gard, Nimes, France, Circa 19 BCE; Roman Theater at Orange, 1st century BCE
-Romans conquered France
-Huge duct, brought water to the city from many miles
-Practical and beautiful. Developed used of arch which was aesthetically pleasing and highly functional
-Theatres different from Greek theaters: Has a huge wall behind, represents scenery. Developed permeant scenery.
-About 355 feet tall, cut audience off from surrounding environment
-(Greeks wanted to blend in with the scenery)
Pompeii and the Eruption of Vesuvius, 79CE
-Sign that during the period that they did not recognize Volcanology
-Had a god named volcanalia
-Fertile lands, volcano was a boon to them
-Pompeii died two deaths: Volcano, World War II bombed area; made things difficult for researches
-Huge role in afterlife in literature, film etc. Discovered in 1730-1740s, could have been seen in 16th century from artists. Period of catholic reformation: Church opposed to imageries.
-Huge neoclassical style in Greco-roman styles in 17th century: Candlelabra, frescos etc furniture
-Scientists poured plaster into cavities of lava remains of people for preservation
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