Romanticism: a Literary Movement!

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The 18th century was the age of Enlightenment, of a belief in reason, tradition, society and science. But then, out of the smoke of the Industrial revolution and the French revolution emerged a new style of writing characterized by emotion over reason. In this Romantic age, the individual was valued over society, imagination over logic, and the natural over the artificial. Nature was celebrated as a source of delight, an Image of love and a model of moral perfection. Romantics found inspiration in nature, in the past, and in their own passions. Nature provided a pattern on which to base their creative lives. At the same time a ''libertarianism'' or an emphasis on individual rights became popular. The romantics rejected the authoritarian themes of the previous period (Enlightenment) and asserted individual freedom in their writings. For them nature and libertarianism went hand in hand.

William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge were two of the most Important romantic poets. Wordsworth created simple poems about common people in ordinary settings. Coleridge on the other hand, expounded ''Gothic'' and supernatural themes. One of the most works that gave birth to the romantic era or, who initiated the beginning of the romantic movement was the Wordsworth's ''LYRICAL BALLADS''. Some other famous poetry of the time is ''OZYMANDIAS'' poem by Percy Shelley.

As an emphasis on the importance of emotions in the creation of good poetry, Wordsworth's states: ~All good poetry is the spontaneous overflow of powerful emotions~ He also believes that the juvenile feeling children get in the presence of a deer, a rainbow etc..., is a crucial fact in the making of good poetry. He states as well ~A child is Father of man~ Which means that children are capable of wonder and poets must maintain that feeling otherwise they wont be able to create good poetry.

The popular writings of the time continued to be satirical works as well as essays, writers expressed their...
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