Romanticism – best understood as a set of attitudes and aesthetic preferences rather than a defined doctrine – emphasis on feeling, emotion, and direct experience – viewed nature as an unpredictable power that was raw and unconquerable – admiration for imagination
Artists - the evocation of nature and time was one of the favorite Romantic themes -Paintings of storms and ruins that evoked unseen powers –– this is seen in the landscapes of William Constable and J.M.W Turner in England and Caspar David Friedrich in Germany -Romantic painters like Theodore Gericault in France emphasized vibrant color and swirling lines without the sharp outlines and balanced composition so important to their predecessors. – in Eugene Delacroix paintings, he drew exotic scenes from the past
Musicians – Romantic values came together with particular power in music, admired for its ability to communicate an ineffable understanding deeper than words. -Beethoven brought a self-conscious seriousness to music – shared experience something akin to religion – his music is alive with passion – he wrote during the time of Industrial Revolution, so he was inspired because freedom was now a reachable goal and times had changed from the times of Classicism -Subsequent composers appealed even more directly to the heart, emphasizing meoldy and using freer harmonies – Franz Schubert and Robert Schumann combined words and music in song cycles
Writers – Romantic modes of thought flourished in conjunction with the revival of religion, increased interest in history, and rising nationalism – many poets used the anguish, depression, and despair in their lives to summon a higher...