Survey of World History to 1500
When one considers the great civilizations that have existed and thrived on planet earth, the Roman Empire is one of the first civilizations that come to mind. The saying “All roads lead to Rome” didn’t appear out of thin air, rather the Roman Civilization earned the moniker that would forever characterize them as one of the greatest civilizations to ever exist. Indeed, two thousand years ago the world was ruled by Rome. During such times, many human beings lived and died under Roman Law. This Empire didn’t simply grow from the ground, indeed “Rome wasn’t built in a day.” The Roman Empire grew from the ashes of the Republic that was crumbling after the deaths of Brutus and Cassius in 43 BC (Tacitus 1). The citizens of Rome were in need of a new leadership, and in need of a new government to live under. The people of Rome found their answer in the leadership of Augustus, and Augustus was pivotal in the creation of the Roman Empire.
The Roman Empire rose up through the ashes of a republic that had fallen at the deaths of Brutus and Cassius in 43 BC. Years later, in 31 BC, Anthony and Cleopatra were killed in the battle of Actium (Augustus 1). The 19 year old Augustus, at the approval of the Senate, moved to reorganize the republic (Augustus 1), and thus created the Roman Empire, which unbeknownst to him would become one of the most powerful and influential Empires that the world had ever seen. Augustus was an exceptionally effective leader, and without him Rome would have never had such an existence. Augustus served his people, while always enlarging his empire. Of his actions as a leader, Augustus writes, “In many areas I repaired water channels which had fallen into disrepair with age, and I doubled the output of the Marcian aqueduct by introducing a new water source to its channel”(Augustus 1). Augustus served his citizens by effectively supplying water to those who needed it. Not only this, but Augustus was also a merciful...
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