Roman Change over Time
Around 55 C.E. Christianity and Judaism began to occupy Roman culture. During the transportation of a Jewish prisoner named Paul of Tarsus to Rome, it can be seen that religion was just one of the major concerns during this time. Founded in the eighth century B.C.E., Rome was originally a small city-state ruled by one king. Eventually, Rome established itself as the dominant power in the Mediterranean basin by instituting an aristocratic republic government. Roman civilization changed drastically politically, economically, and culturally during the last centuries of the classical era, (100-600 C.E.), although some factors remained the same. The Roman forum was a political and civic center filled with temples and public buildings where leading citizens tended to government business that was built at the heart of the city. Rome also instituted a republican constitution that entrusted executive responsibilities to two consuls who exerted civil and military power. The Senate ratified all major decisions and along with the consuls, represented the interests of the patricians. This caused constant tension between the wealthy classes and common people, the plebeians.
Patricians continued to dominate Rome, although the plebeians did receive some governmental rights. They had tribunes, which had the power to intervene in political matters and veto measures they considered were unfair. The plebeians gained the right to hold almost all state offices and became eligible to have one of the consuls represent them during fourth century, B.C.E. These compromises eased tensions between classes, but did not solve all political crises. The Romans would appoint a dictator when faced with military of civil issues.
Imperial expansion brought wealth and power to Rome;...