Roller Coasters: History, Physics, and Records

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  • Topic: Roller coaster, Wooden roller coaster, Steel roller coaster
  • Pages : 10 (3574 words )
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  • Published : November 24, 2010
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Running head: ROLLER COASTERS

Roller Coasters:
History, Physics, and records

Abstract
This paper explains the early history of roller coasters from their rough beginnings in Russia through the migration to the United States. It goes on to emphasize the important physics that go along with how roller coasters operate and the forces that work with and against it. In the end it talks about what records and accomplishments have been made with the usage of roller coasters.

Formal Outline
I.Introduction- Roller coasters have been revolutionary to the world from their “ancestry” from eighteent century Russia to more modern times, the challenges faced by designers discovering unique ways to build them in concurrence with the forces acting against it, and the achievements reached by the worldwide use of roller coasters. II.Background

A. Definition of a roller coaster
B. Types of Roller Coasters
1. Wooden
2. Steel
III.History
A. Foreign “ancestry”
B. Early versions in America
IV.Physics and Forces
A. Energies and Forces
B. Laws and Summarization
V.Milestones and Records
A. Milestones through time
B. Record holders in the roller coaster world
VI.Conclusion

Roller Coasters:
History, Physics, and records
People that have been on a roller coaster can experience one of two things; they will either love them or hate them. The upsides include the excitement it brings, the tension as the people get higher and higher, all the fast twists and turns as the heart beats faster and the blood rushes to the head, and the great experience with everyone as people enjoy it together. Or some people could feel sick on the rides and not like the experience at all. Either way, roller coasters are a well known source of entertainment in the modern era. Not all roller coasters are the same, as there are different materials, additions, and levels of “thrill” that each individual coaster brings. Roller coasters have been revolutionary to the world from their “ancestry” from eighteenth century Russia to more modern times, the challenges faced by designers discovering unique ways to build them in concurrence with the forces acting against it, and the achievements reached by the worldwide use of roller coasters. Background

Definition of a Roller Coaster
There are many words associated with roller coasters, including fourth dimension, pipeline, cyclone, wild mouse, and more. But what is the definition of just a roller coaster? The most direct answer would be an elevated railway (as in an amusement park) constructed with sharp curves and steep inclines on which cars roll (The Merriam-Webster Dictionary, 2010). When put as simply as that roller coasters seem boring. Seeing the definition in words cannot describe the sensation experienced when physically riding a roller coaster.

Types of Roller Coasters
Generally roller coasters can be divided up into various small categories but can be guilelessly grouped into two main categories: wood and steel. Wooden roller coasters obviously came first. They are still around but not quite as popular because they are not as capable of certain additions as steel coasters. There are not many types of wooden roller coasters but many variations can be found (Types of Coasters, 2005). Earlier models were not very elaborate and not too thrilling. Side friction coasters were an early type of wooden coaster that did not have the modern wheel design making it more prone to derailing if it went too fast. In more recent times, with improved safety features, even wooden coasters were able to achieve more extreme additions (Types of Coasters, 2005). Mobius wooden coasters and dueling wooden coasters are in essence the same concept with two coasters racing each other but with a few differences in their design (Types of Coasters, 2005). Mobius coasters race each other with tracks side by side that are mirror images. They sometimes have on coaster facing forwards and the other facing...
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