College of Education and External Studies
School of Continuing and Distance Education
Department of Extra Mural Studies
MASTER OF ARTS IN PROJECT PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT
LDP 601: FUNDAMENTALS OF MANAGEMENT
Question: Using examples explain the concept of organizational change? What is the role of a manager in reducing employee resistance to change?
Stephen Gachie L50/71564/08 – email@example.com
Waeni Kithyoma L50/72242/08 – firstname.lastname@example.org
Janet Ombwayo L50/72255/08 – email@example.com
Ruth Osebe L50/72445/08 – firstname.lastname@example.org
Naomi Karani L50/72370/08 – email@example.com
Dennis Muigu L50/72515/08 – firstname.lastname@example.org
Stephen Thuo L50/72275/08 – email@example.com
1 Introduction: What is organizational change?
Organisational change refers to fundamental and radical reorientation of the way an organization operates. Another definition of organizational change is wider changes that affect the organization as a whole, as opposed to smaller changes in some sections of the organization. Organisational change is also referred to as organizational transformation. (steve to provide website url)
Some of the key types of organizational change include:
- Change in mission
- Restructuring operations (lay-off)
- New technologies;
- Major collaborations;
- Right sizing;
- New programmes e.g. Total Quality Management (TQM) and Business Process Re-engineering (BPR). .
Organisations change what they want to achieve and how. Some organizations change mainly in response to external circumstances (reactive change), while other change principally because they have decided to change (proactive change) (Cole,1996).
Change in organizations can be triggered by a number of external and internal factors (Cole,1996), which are discussed briefly below, using familiar local examples.
External – These are changes triggered by factors outside the organization... [continues]
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