Roles in Sound Recording Studio

Topics: Audio engineering, Music industry, Record label Pages: 12 (3016 words) Published: March 5, 2013
Krzysztof Olechowski

Roles, Relationships, and Contracts in the Recording Industry.

Sound Engineer


A sound engineer is technician who operates and maintains the machines and equipment when recording and broadcasting music, sound effects, film audio, live events and video production. He works in entertainment industry and is a pivotal part of the process of creating state of audio projects, video, radio shows and live projects.


Some sources which I have already checked says that sound engineers generally work in studio setting equipment etc. but they work also at various venues, including outdoors, depending on the specifics of the project. However, bullet points below put together the general roles:

* Planning recording session with producers and artists
* Setting up microphones and equipment in the studio
* Setting the right sound levels and dynamics
* Operating equipment for recording, mixing, mastering, sequencing and sampling * Recording each instrument or item onto a separate track * Monitoring and balancing sound levels
* Mixing tracks to produce a final “master” track
* Logging tapes and other details of the session in the studio archive

Operating equipment

Sound engineers in their daily work operate and make use of:

* Mixing consoles
* Microphones
* Signal processors
* Tape machines
* Digital audio workstations (DAW)
* Analog-to-digital converters (and Digital-to-analog)
* Studio speakers
* Preamplifiers , amplifiers
* Dynamic range compressors
Work terms explanation – Hours and Incomes

As a sound engineer you would need to be flexible about working hours, which can be long and irregular. You might work during evenings, nights and weekends, depending on when artist and producers are available.

It is possible to work in vary conditions – some commercial studios may be large and air-conditioned, but many of them are just small and windowless.

Some sources which I have already checked, says that sound engineers generally work in studio settings the equipment but they can work at various venues, also including outdoors, depending of the specifics of the project.

Starting salaries can be from £13,000 / year for full-time equivalent With experience, salaries can rise to between £20,000 and £40,000 Freelance earnings can be higher or lower, depending on reputation and how much work is available.

Music Producer


In the music industry music producer designates a person whose job is to oversee and manage the recording of an artist’s music. A producer has many roles that may include, but are not limited to, gathering ideas for the project, selecting songs and/or musicians, coaching the artist and musicians in the studio, controlling the recording sessions, and supervising the entire process through mixing and mastering. Today, the recording industry has two kinds of producers: executive producer and music producer; they have different roles. While an executive producer oversees a project's finances, a music producer oversees the creation of the music. In my opinion music producer could be called as “engineer with technical background and experience”.

Functions in studio
* Preparing equipment to recording
* Recording sound
* Producing
* Rehearsing
* Editing
* Mixing
* Mastering
Also: Writing the music for artists, playing instruments as a member of band or song writing. Producers also often take on a wider entrepreneurial role, with responsibility for the budget, schedules, and negotiations. Producers use a software application such as ProTools (Digital Audio Workstation) to create and manipulate sound, and add layers to the track. First, they create the production with the software, lay down any keyboards and then edit the vocals on the track with the computer software. Interesting detail is that...
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