By Winnie Au
The Roles in Sexual Violence of Rwandan Genocide
Rape, gender, sexual violence and genocide, when they combined with each other, could you imagine how miserable the women are in Rwandan Genocide? Are you wondering what happened on earth in 1994 Rwanda? In Apr. 1994, the conflict between Hutus and Tutsis broke out and soon became genocide in Rwanda. Over 1,000,000 people were killed in only 100 days’ time. Every party, the government, the media and the ordinary people, was one of the propellers of the sexual violence in Rwanda, 1994. In the sexual violence of the genocide, the government was the core, the media was the means and the ordinary people were the blind supporters. Government -- Core
The Rwandan government was the core causing the sexual violence in the genocide. On one hand, the government didn’t have the ability to protect the women. Taylor (1999) said that Biographical sketches of women whose lives straddled the early colonial period are also indicative that women's lives did not improve under colonialism. It means that once under the cruel control of the colonist, it’s difficult for the local government to set up a system to protect the women. On the other hand, in the 1940s, when the Hutus came to power and took charge of the government, they spared no effort in spreading the wrong ideas against the Tutsis women, which encouraged many people to violate the Tutsis women, leading to rape mass. In the article “Gender and Genocide in Rwanda”, Lisa (1992) cited an example that a mayor of Taba Commune reported that he incited his subordinates to rape. Also, Taylor (1999) stated his experience with some women who revealed that many of these them had been openly intimidated and assaulted by soldiers and police on the street. In my point of view, the government had been a leader in violating the women and had a deep negative impact on the ordinary people, who may copy what...