Ans.Role play is a learning activity in which participants play out roles in a simulated situation. Role plays provide a highly motivational climate because participants are actively involved in a realistic situation. The trainer prepares the role – briefs and briefs the role- players about what they would do before the remaining members of the group. Each participant is given the role to play. Role play method creates a highly motivational climate because participants are actively involved in a realistic situation. Participants can experience a real-life situation without having to take real-life risks. It gives participants an understanding of the client’s situation.
It is a spontaneous human interaction involving realistic human behavior under artificial or stimulated environment. It consists of interviews or series of interviews in which the participants or trainees are provided with a role brief and set of circumstances which they need to enact. The trainee develops a strategy as to how to react to a particular situation and provide possible suggestive solution for resolving the problem or analyzing the situation. Trainee also learns and forecasts what may be the reaction of the other party in a given situation. This technique helps in self learning about expected job outcome and also helps in understanding the others perception about the task or issue.
Role playing allows a group of employees to act out work scenarios. It opens communications, and for the amount of time when it puts a player 'on-the-spot,' it also gives a great deal of confidence and develops camaraderie among those participating in (doing) the role play situations
Experienced employees can describe real world experiences, and can help in and learn from developing the solutions to these simulations. This method is cost effective and is used in marketing and management training.
This training method is widely used by trainers in management and technical training organizations. The trainer is behind the whole thing in the role play method. He selects the participants to play the roles and adequately brief them as to what they are supposed to do.
As a trainer, one should be very logical and clear about the purpose of using role play method as a training technique. The success of the role play depends upon the role brief, set circumstances and the utility expected. As a trainer the areas where the role play method can be used and where the trainees are benefited are: 1.To develop a holistic understanding of the job for present as well as future. 2.To develop new skills and insight on resolving the problems. 3.This method also helps in motivation and understanding the role of others. 4.Helps in analyzing the current problem situation and develop approach and technique to resolve it. 5.To practice behavior where new roles needs to be assigned to the individual. 6.To examine behaviors, spoken words and interactions,
7.To understand why people behave in a certain manner under a given situation. 8.Identify feasible ways to help people move towards behaviors that are desirable for their effectiveness and efficiency.
The role play method objectives are:-
1.Helps in better understanding of the job.
2.Helps the individual in understanding the issues and better decision making. 3.The Role play is used primarily to develop and practice interpersonal skills such as communication, conflict resolution, and group decision making. 4.The objective of role play is to develop insight into one's own behavior and its impact on others. 5.It also helps in the improvement of the interpersonal relationships. 6.Developing teamwork, cooperation, and creative problem-solving. 7.Helps in bringing attitudinal changes in the employees as a trainee. 8.It is a more practical approach than other...