Role of Youth in Peace Building

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Public policy
- defined as what govt choose to do or not to do
- It’s a goal oriented of govt organization
- consist of pattern of action taken over time by govt officials Why Study Public Policy
* Scientific understanding
* Professional advice
* Policy recommendation
* Know it benefit and why
Categories
1. Substantive & procedural policy
2. Distributive, regulatory and redistributive policies
3. Material & symbolic policies

Policy Analysis
* Any types of analysis that generates and present information in such way as to improve the basis for policy-maker to exercise their judgement * To feed in helpful information at the various stages to help improve political choice.

Policy Argumentation
6 elements
1. Policy-relevant information
2. Policy claim – conclusion policy argument
3. Warrant – assumption permit analyst to move from policy-relevant in to policy claims 4. Rebuttal – second conclusion in which the original are unacceptable 5. Qualifier – expresses the analyst degree

Policy-Relevant Information
* Policy problem
* Policy future – consequences of a course of action that may contributes to the attainment of values * Policy action
* Policy outcome – an observed consequences of policy action * Policy performance – is degree of given policy outcome contributes to the attainment of values

Process of Policy Analysis

1. Problem structuring
2. Forecasting
3. Recommendation
4. Monitoring
5. Evaluation

Form of Policy Analysis

1. Prospective Policy Analysis
* Involves the production and information before policy action are initiated and implementation * What will happen & what should be done
2. Retrospective
* Production and transformation of information after policy action have been taken a) Discipline-oriented analyst
b) Problem-oriented analyst
c) Application-oriented analyst
3. Integrated
* More comprehensive form analysis...
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