Role of Regional Political Parties on India

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ROLE OF REGIONAL POLITICAL PARTIES IN INDIA
PROJUECT SUBMITTED TO,

Dr. B.K MAHAKUL
(FACULTY: POLITICAL SCIENCE)

ANISH GHOSE
ROLL NO: 14
(SOCIOLOGY, MAJOR)

SEMESTER III

HIDAYATULLAH NATIONAL LAW UNIVERSITY
RAIPUR, C.G.

CONTENTS

1. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS.............................................................1 2. OBJECTIVES................................................................................2 3. HYPOTHESIS............................................................................... 3 4. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY................................................. 4 5. INTRODUCTION..........................................................................5 6. HISTORY & FORMATION OF REGIONAL POLITICAL PARTIES.........................................................................................7 7. DEVELOPEMENT OF REGIONALISM IN INDIA.................12 8. CAUSES FOR THE GROWTH OF REGIONALSM................13 9. ROLE OF REGIONAL POLITICAL PARTIES.......................14 10. CASTE BASED PARTIES...........................................................15 11. CONCLUSION..............................................................................17

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

I would like to express my heartfelt gratitude to my teacher, Ms.Mousumi Bagh for her unstinted support. I would like to thank the faculty for giving the chance for writing about the concept state and changing notion of state. Thank you, jurists and masters of law for the expression of your ideas, thoughts and immense amount of knowledge in the form of the various books, articles and opinions. Without all of this, it would have been a herculean task for me to complete this project. My gratitude also goes out to the staff and administration of HNLU for the infrastructure in the form of our library and IT Lab that was a source of great help for the completion of this project.

1
OBJECTIVES

After studying this lesson, we will be able to:

* Analyse the factors responsible for the growth of regionalism; * Determine the factors instrumental for the growth of regional parties; * Create awareness about the role of regional parties;

* Distinguish a regional party from a national party.

2
HYPOTHESIS

3

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

The research methodology used in the project is non doctrinal in nature the references used are in the form of secondary source. The Objective of this project is to understand the role of political parties in India. This research is descriptive and analytical in nature. Secondary and Electronic resources have been largely used to gather information and data about the topic. Books and other reference as guided by Faculty of Political Science have been primarily helpful in giving this project a firm structure. Websites, dictionaries and articles have also been referred.

4
INTRODUCTION

One of the notable features of the Indian Party System is the presence of a large number of regional parties. By regional party we mean a party which generally operates within a limited geographical area and its activities are confined only to a single or handful of states. Further as compared to the broad ranging diverse interests of national parties, the regional parties represent the interest of a particular area. In simple words, regional parties differ from All India parties both in terms of their outlook as well as the interests they pursue. Their activities are focused on specific issues concerning the region and they operate within the limited area. They merely seek to capture power at the state or regional level and do not aspire to control the national government. It is noteworthy that in India, the number of regional parties is much larger than the national parties and some of the States are being ruled by the regional parties, viz., Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Assam, Jammu & Kashmir etc. Objectives

The term ‘regionalism’ has two...
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