Role of Print Media in Conflict Resolution: a Comparative Study of Daily Dawn & Jang Newspapers Regarding the Issue of Lal Masjid

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Role Of Print Media In Conflict Resolution: A Comparative Study Of Daily Dawn & Jang Newspapers Regarding The Issue Of Lal Masjid

AEMEN KHALID
Session: 2006 to 2008

Supervisor:
Dr. Anjum Zia

DEPARTMENT OF MASS COMMUNICATION
LAHORE COLLEGE FOR WOMEN UNIVERSITY
LAHORE
2008

ABSTRACT

This research paper investigates “ the role of Daily Dawn and Daily Jang with reference to conflict resolution in case of Lal Masjid”.The study applied a social sciences methodology using content analysis technique to analyze the data. The study generates a substantial body of initial information about the role of print media in inter-state conflicts. A total of 302 news stories from the front and back page and 32 editorials and editorial notes of two publications were analyzed across a period of 8 months( Jan2007 to Aug2007) . The exercise comprised of quantitative analysis of news stories to analyze the treatment of conflicts.

The investigation was carried out by keeping in view the main objectives of the study i.e. to measure the coverage, role and treatment analysis. The hypothesis of the study was “English press played a significant role for peaceful resolution of Lal Masjid conflict instead of Urdu Press.”

Findings revealed that print media played its role in increasing the intensity of conflict and could not build favorable public opinion for peaceful resolution of Lal Masjid issue and both newspapers have given minimum coverage to the news items that positively supported the issue. Print media gave extensive coverage but its way of publication was not positive, rather it has been negative or neutral most of the time. But Daily Jang gave more negative coverage in comparison to Daily Dawn which remained neutral most of the time. Overall the study confirms the researcher’s hypothesis statements i.e. “English press played a significant role for peaceful resolution of Lal Masjid conflict as compared to Urdu Press Urdu Press.” The study also identified few areas for future researchers and made recommendation for improvement.

INTRODUCTION
Napoleon truly observed: “Four hostile newspapers are more to be feared than a thousand bayonets.” Abid Massod Tehami(1997) quotes “Newspapers are a vital and indispensable medium of communication in a free society .It highlights different issues and helps in resolving those issues. Press plays an important role in informing, guiding and educating the public opinion, forming and protecting the national values and individual freedom” .According to S.A.Kapoor the press can cultivate political outlook and can help in consolidating public opinion. It is the public opinion that can decide about the ultimate shape that the political or social setup is to take. Press in subtle manner makes the people think and behave in a particular way (S.A. Kapoor ,1972). C. Young agrees that both print and electronic media contributes to conflict escalation, either directly or indirectly. He observes that media focus in many cases is selective and events such as battles or bombings receive more coverage (C. Young, 1991). Farroq Rana (1995) stated that after World War –II, the media have emerged as the most strategic weapon of war. Particularly the media of newspapers and radio have been effectively used by the rival countries. And in the recent past, dish antenna has also become an important tool in the media war technology. However the fact remains that in spite of video facility available on the mini screen, television has proved ineffective in most developing countries while on the contrary, in several countries print media have been more effective. Robert Karl Manoff suggests that at times of conflict, media can itself reframe issues to make the conflict more tractable, which in turn, helps the parties in reframing issues and formulating possible solutions (Robert Karl Manoff, 2002). This study analyses the “Role of print media in conflict resolution in case of Lal Masjid”. It is a...
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