The press is a broad term now; it not only includes newspapers, news weeklies and magazines but also all the journalists working in the media print and electronic. It plays great role in the iteration of public opinion. It also acts as a regulator and reflector of the same, interacting between the people and political parties and in between government of the country and the people. Hence, if the character of the press is healthy, the democratic system will be more transparent to what is actually transacting on side of government and what are the views and reactions of the people in respect thereof. The comment of the press over the specific matters will be helpful in setting dimensions for the respective state policies and their implementation and the pattern of thinking of the people. In this way, it facilitates the smooth functioning of the whole democratic system.
To be free for press, as such, is to be fair, impartial, unprejudiced and honest in according treatment to the coverage of news and events connected with different socio-political quarters and the government at large. One of the highest criteria to judge the free press, however, is that it is not subservient to the vested interests and the versions are not tempered, distorted, sponsored, or otherwise politically initiated.
According to a survey conducted by the New York based Freedom House, only one person out of fives lives in a country with free press. The survey measures press freedom by assessing the impact of laws, administrative decisions and economic or political influences on the content of the news media.
The well-organized section of press is always in regular and close contact with the people and a reputation of presenting actual and concomitant situation. That’s why it is more influential and effective in formation of public opinion and molding it.
The responsible quarters of the press, for instance, the section constituting the ‘national press’, exercise a higher sense of...
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