Role of Ict in Education

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This short Country Report, a result of a larger infoDev-supported Survey of ICT in Education in Africa, provides a general overview of current activities and issues related to ICT use in education in the country. The data presented here should be regarded as illustrative rather than exhaustive. ICT use in education is at a particularly dynamic stage in Africa; new developments and announcements happening on a daily basis somewhere on the continent. Therefore, these reports should be seen as “snapshots” that were current at the time they were taken; it is expected that certain facts and figures presented may become dated very quickly.

The findings, interpretations and conclusions expressed herein are entirely those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of infoDev, the Donors of infoDev, the World Bank and its affiliated organizations, the Board of Executive Directors of the World Bank or the governments they represent. The World Bank cannot guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this work. The boundaries, colors, denominations, and other information shown on any map in this work do not imply on the part of the World Bank any judgment of the legal status of any territory or the endorsement or acceptance of such boundaries. It is expected that individual Country Reports from the Survey of ICT and Education in Africa will be updated in an iterative process over time based on additional research and feedback received through the infoDev web site. For more information, and to suggest modifications to individual Country Reports, please see www.infodev.org/ict4edu- Africa.

SURVEY OF ICT AND EDUCATION IN AFRICA: Nigeria Country Report Nigeria - 2
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Overview
The Federal Republic of Nigeria has no specific policy for ICT in education. The Ministry of Education created its ICT department in February 2007, notwithstanding several government agencies and other stakeholders in the private sector having initiated ICT-driven projects and programmes to impact all levels of the educational sector.

The challenge is the lack of electric power and telecommunications infrastructure in a substantial part of the country. Mobile telecommunication currently covers 60% of the national territory, but mobile telephone companies generally power their base stations using electric power generators since the Power Holding Company of Nigeria (PHCN) is unable to supply them with power. This phenomenon is prevalent nationwide and constitutes the bottleneck to effective countrywide deployment of ICT in education.

It is projected that Nigeria will be a net supplier of electric power by the end of 2007 when its massive cross-country electric power grid construction and interconnection projects are completed. It is hoped that mobile operators will introduce technologies that permit Internet access on their networks across the country to facilitate the implementation of e-learning programmes.

Country Profile
The Federal Republic of Nigeria is the most populous black African country in the world. It is located in West Africa, south of the Sahara. It borders the Gulf of Guinea in the south, Cameroon in the east, Niger and Chad in the north, and Benin in the west. It is a federation of 36 states divided into six geopolitical zones.

Table 1 provides some selected soci-economic indicators for the country.2 Table 1: Socio-economic Indicators: Nigeria
Indicator
Population 140 million (2007)3
GDP per capita (US dollars) 393
Phone subscribers per 100 inhabitants (fixed
and mobile)
14.5 (2006)
Computers 860,000
Internet hosts 1,094
Internet users 750,000
Radio households 15.3 million
TV households 6.3 million
The Education System
The National Council on Education co-ordinates planning, policy, and finance for the education sector under the federal government. The Council consists of the Commissioners and Ministers SURVEY OF ICT AND EDUCATION IN AFRICA: Nigeria Country Report Nigeria - 3

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