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SURVEY OF ICT AND EDUCATION IN AFRICA: Nigeria Country Report Nigeria - 2
The Federal Republic of Nigeria has no specific policy for ICT in education. The Ministry of Education created its ICT department in February 2007, notwithstanding several government agencies and other stakeholders in the private sector having initiated ICT-driven projects and programmes to impact all levels of the educational sector.
The challenge is the lack of electric power and telecommunications infrastructure in a substantial part of the country. Mobile telecommunication currently covers 60% of the national territory, but mobile telephone companies generally power their base stations using electric power generators since the Power Holding Company of Nigeria (PHCN) is unable to supply them with power. This phenomenon is prevalent nationwide and constitutes the bottleneck to effective countrywide deployment of ICT in education.
It is projected that Nigeria will be a net supplier of electric power by the end of 2007 when its massive cross-country electric power grid construction and interconnection projects are completed. It is hoped that mobile operators will introduce technologies that permit Internet access on their networks across the country to facilitate the implementation of e-learning programmes.
The Federal Republic of Nigeria is the most populous black African country in the world. It is located in West Africa, south of the Sahara. It borders the Gulf of Guinea in the south, Cameroon in the east, Niger and Chad in the north, and Benin in the west. It is a federation of 36 states divided into six geopolitical zones.
Table 1 provides some selected soci-economic indicators for the country.2 Table 1: Socio-economic Indicators: Nigeria
Population 140 million (2007)3
GDP per capita (US dollars) 393
Phone subscribers per 100 inhabitants (fixed
Internet hosts 1,094
Internet users 750,000
Radio households 15.3 million
TV households 6.3 million
The Education System
The National Council on Education co-ordinates planning, policy, and finance for the education sector under the federal government. The Council consists of the Commissioners and Ministers SURVEY OF ICT AND EDUCATION IN AFRICA: Nigeria Country Report Nigeria - 3