NAME:IMMACULATE SUWIRA BOTTOMAN
POSTAL ADDRESS:C/O WORLD VISION MALAWI
P O BOX 692
MODULE NO:SOC 306B
Table of Contents
A.ROLE OF GENDER AND EMPLOYMENT IN INDUSTRIAL AND POST INDUSTRIAL1 SOCIETIES IN RELATION TO POWER1
3.0ASPECTS OF GENDER2
4.0GENDER AND POWER RELATIONS2
5.0INEQUALITIES IN EMPLOYMENT3
5.1Altitude towards women in the workforce3
5.2The industrial and post industrial societies4
LIST OF SOURCES7
A. Discuss the role of gender and employment in industrial and post-industrial societies. Refer to the concept power in your answer. 
B. Employ the social network theory to explain why people join, remain with and leave social movements.
A.ROLE OF GENDER AND EMPLOYMENT IN INDUSTRIAL AND POST INDUSTRIAL
SOCIETIES IN RELATION TO POWER
Research on the role of Gender and employment have concentrated on women because too often, women have not been given decision making positions in the industry to enable them get involved in planning and implementation of development in general. Employment has different impact on men and women, and women have not been given equal opportunity for employment with men for a long time. This paper will discuss the Role of gender and employment in industrial and post industrial societies in relation to power.
Gender is defined as the relations between men and women, both perceptual and material. Gender is not determined biologically, as a result of sexual characteristics of either women or men, but is constructed socially. It is a central organizing principle of societies, and often governs the processes of production and reproduction, consumption and distribution (FAO: 1997). Gender issues focus on women and on the relationship between men and women, their roles, access to and control over resources, division of labour, interests and needs. Gender relations affect household security, family well-being, planning, production and many other aspects of life (Bravo-Baumann, 2000) in FAO Corporate Document Repository on http.www.fao.org/docrep/007/y5608e/y5608e01.htm. Gender is used to describe those characteristics of women and men, which are socially constructed, while sex refers to those which are biologically determined. People are born female or male but learn to be girls and boys who grow into women and men. This learned behaviour makes up gender identity and determines gender roles” (World Health Organization, 2002, p. 4).
3.0ASPECTS OF GENDER
There are 2 major aspects of gender that have been widely discussed. Gender as a biological construction and gender as a social construction. Gender as a biological construction deals with identification of male or female by looking at the visible biological features or social principles based on how male or female have been groomed, clothes and expected behaviour in different culture or contexts. Gender as a social construction focuses on families and places of work and emphasizes that gender is not given but continually constructed through people’s efforts. Social construction looks at gender as being personal and individual, plural, relational, dynamic and active project and linked to power relations.
4.0GENDER AND POWER RELATIONS
For many years, there has been unequal distribution of power between men and women at home as well as in the workplace. The societies that embrace patriarchy system gave full powers to men to own land, property and making important decisions for the family. A woman was treated as minor and therefore could not even be...