Role of Army in Pakistan

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  • Topic: Pakistan, Benazir Bhutto, Pakistan Peoples Party
  • Pages : 13 (4382 words )
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  • Published : May 16, 2012
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ROLE OF ARMY IN PAKISTAN POLITICS

TERM PAPER
ON
POLITICS IN SOUTH ASIA

Submitted By: Submitted To
TAFAZUL HUSSAIN Dr. UPENDRA CHAUDHARY
Roll No. : 10-PLM-38 Dept. of Political Science Dept. of Political Science Faculty of Social Sciences
ALIGARH MUSLIM UNIVERSITY, ALIGARH

My Loving
Parents
&
All my teachers…

CERTIFICATE

This is to certify that the term paper entitled “ROLE OF ARMY IN PAKISTAN POLITICS” submitted by TAFAZUL HUSSAIN under my guidance is the result of his painstaking and hard work on the said topic.

Place: Dr. UPENDRA CHAUDHRY Date: Dept. of Political science A.M.U, ALIGARH

DECLARATION

I hereby declare that the term paper entitled “ROLE OF ARMY IN PAKISTAN POLITICS” submitted to Dr. UPANDRA CHOUDHAR, Dept. Of Political Science, ALIGARH MUSLIM UNIVERSI, ALIGARH is my original work based on my research.

Place: TAFAZUL HUSSAIN
Date: Signature of the Student

‘‘The safety, honour and welfare of your country come first, always and everytime. The honour, welfare and comfort of the men you command come next. Your own ease, comfort and safety come last, always and every time.” – Field Marshall Sir Philip Chetwode at the inauguration of the Indian Military Academy in 1932

INTRODUCTION:
Indians and Pakistanis are the same people. Why then have their nations moved on such different trajectories since freedom in 1947?The idea of India is stronger than the Indian, and the idea of Pakistan has proved weaker than the Pakistani.Pakistan was not born across a breakfast table.It was the culmination of a search what might be called Muslim space that began during the decline of Mughal Empire,by a North Indian elite driven by fear of the Future and Pride of the past.Mohammad Ali Jennah,master of the endgame,wanted in essence,a secular nation with a Muslim majority,just as India was a secular nation with a Hindu Majority.The father of Pakistan did not realize there was another claimant to the nation he had delivered, Maulana Maududi,founder of the Jamaat e Islaami,and the godfather of Pakistan’’.

Pakistan, since its inception has seen ups and downs in its domestic as well as International politics.One of the reason for this has been the instability in that country.Pakistan has seen military rule for about 28 years since 1947, political history has been violent with political assassinations, sectarian violence, political coups and terrorism. Large chunk of Pakistan is controlled by Taliban and its associates.

Pakistan - Politics
The First Thirty Years: 1947-1977

Since the independence of Pakistan in 1947 the country has been in varying degrees of political crisis. Pakistan has had a long record of Army involvement in politics. By 2002, the Army had ruled the country for 28 out of 55 years of Pakistan's independent history. When Pakistan became independent it became clear that a constitution was required for the new state. The first major step in framing the new constitution was the passage by the Constituent Assembly of the Objectives Resolution of March 1949, which defined the basic principles of the new state. It provided that Pakistan would be a state "wherein the principles of democracy, freedom, equality, tolerance and social justice, as enunciated by...
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