Memory serves as an important tool for the ghosts to reach out to Mr. Scrooge’s sympathetic feelings, thus contributing to the change of personality that Mr. Scrooge undergoes towards the end of the novel.
The First of the Three Spirits:
The first of the Three Spirits is the “Ghost of Christmas Past” which represents Mr. Scrooge’s memory. Memory here serves as a reminder to Mr. Scrooge that he is still emotionally connected to other people, despite his withdrawal. The first memory that sparks Mr. Scrooge’s feelings is the scene from his childhood: the little boy Ebenezer that had to spend the Christmas holidays alone at his school.
“At one of these a lonely boy was reading near a feeble fire; and Scrooge sat down upon a form, and wept to see his poor forgotten self as he had used to be.” (38).
We see that he is immediately very touched when he sees this scene before him, which is exactly the reaction the ghost hoped for. After this scene, Mr. Scrooge sees his sister telling him that their father has given his consent to let Scrooge come home. We learn that she is now dead and that she left a child:
“ ’She died a woman’, said the Ghost, ‘and had, as I think, children’ ‘One child,’ Scrooge
That child is Mr. Scrooge’s nephew and his only living relative and connection to his sister, whom he obviously held in high regard. This experience helps Mr. Scrooge to appreciate his nephew and rediscover his love for his family... [continues]
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