Role Clarity Through Competency Mapping

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04-Oct-12
1
Human Resource
Management:
Overview
Management Essentials
• Management is the process of
efficiently and effectively achieving
the objectives of the organization
with and through people.
What is an Organization?
Purpose
Structure
People
Management Essentials
• Primary Functions of Management
– Planning – establishing goals.
– Organizing – determining what
activities need to be done.
– Leading – assuring the right people are
on the job and motivated.
– Controlling – monitoring activities to
be sure goals are met.
Human Resource Management
• process of acquiring, utilizing, improving,
and preserving an organization's
workforce.
• set of organizational activities directed at
attracting, developing, and maintaining
an effective workforce.
All accomplished to achieve
organizational objectives
Human Resources Process
Recruitment
Orientation/
Training
Human
Resource
Planning
Performance
Compensation
External Influences
External Influences
Disengagement
Selection
Organizational Boundaries
Organizational Boundaries
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HRM Process
1. Human Resource Planning:
– Forecasting Demand Supply and Job Analysis.
2. Staffing the Organization:
– Recruitment, Selecting, and Orientation.
3. Developing the Workforce:
– Training and Performance Appraisal.
4. Compensation and Benefit:
– Wages and Salaries, Incentive and Benefit
Programs.
Basic Functions of HRM
• Staffing
• Human Resource Development
• Compensation
• Safety and Health
• Employee and Labor Relations
Importance of HRM to an
Organization
• concerned with the “people”
dimension.
– it is both staff (support) function
(assists line employees) and function
of every manager’s job.
Importance of HRM to an
Organization
• The Strategic Nature –
– support the business strategy;
• assist in maintaining competitive advantage.
– determines value added to the
organization;
Importance of HRM to an
Organization
• Changing Environment, Changing HR managers’
roles (HRM today requires a new level of sophistication):
– Jobs have become more technical and skilled.
– Employment legislation has placed new
requirements on employers.
– Traditional job boundaries blurred with advent of
project teams, telecommuting, etc.
– Global competition has increased demands for
productivity.
Human Resource: Certification
Recruiter
EEO coordinator Training specialist
Labor relations
specialist
Job analyst
Compensation
manager
HR
Certification
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ENVIRONMENTAL
INFLUENCES ON HRM
Recruitment
Orientation/
Training
Human
Resource
Planning
Performance
Compensation
Organizational Boundaries
External Influences
Disengagement
Selection
External Influences
Organizational Boundaries
legal considerations
political parties
unions
shareholders
society
competition
customers
economy
technology
unanticipated events
labor market
HUMAN RESOURCE
MANAGEMENT
Internal Environment
External Environment
Marketing Operations
Finance
Others…
legal considerations
labor market
society
political parties
unions
shareholders
competition
customers technology
economy
unanticipated events
Organizational Environments: Review
ENVIRONMENTAL INFLUENCES ON HRM
Environmental Influences on HRM
• Legal
considerations
• Labor market
• Society
• Political parties
• Unions
• Shareholders
• Competition
• Customers
• Economy
• Technology
• Management
Thought
• Unanticipated
events
Environmental Influences on HRM
• Legal Considerations
– Governmental Legislation; national/local.
– Laws directing employer and employee
actions.
• Labor Market
– Potential employees located within certain
geographic area; always changing.
– Workforce diversity.
Environmental Influences on HRM
• Society (ethics/social responsibility)
– Act ethically and responsibly, to remain
acceptable to the general public.
• Unions
– Group of...
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