Rogerian Model of Counseling
Carl Rogers (1902-1987) was the American psychologist who developed person -centered therapy. His views about the therapeutic relationship radically revolutionized the course of therapy. He believed that "the client knows what hurts, what directions to go, what problems are crucial, what experiences have been buried" (Rogers, 1961, pp. 11-12). He helped people in taking responsibility for themselves and their lives. He believed that the experience of being understood and valued, gives one the freedom to grow. Rogerian Counseling
Rogerian counseling involves the counselor's entry into the person's unique phenomenological world. In mirroring this world, the counselor does not disagree or point out contradictions. Neither does he / she attempt to delve into the unconscious. Rogers describes counseling as a process of freeing a person and removing obstacles so that normal growth and development can proceed and the person can become more independent and self-directed. During counseling, the client can move from rigidly of self-perception to fluidity. Certain conditions are necessary for this process. A 'growth promoting climate' requires the counselor to be congruent, have unconditional positive regard for the person as well as show empathic understanding. Congruence on the part of the counselor refers to her / his ability to be completely genuine whatever the self of the moment. He / she is not expected to be a completely congruent person all the time, as such perfection is impossible. Rogers' strong belief in the positive nature of human beings is based on his many years of clinical counseling. He suggests that any person, no matter what the problem, can improve without being taught anything specific by the counselor, once he / she accepts and respects themselves. The resources all lie within the person Roger believed that the therapist should display a set of values and attitudes towards client which would support their innate...
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