19 April 2012
The Roe vs. Wade Decision and Its Impact on Society
The issue of abortion has always been a widely debated issue. Prior to 1973, abortion was illegal in most states, with the exception of abortions in cases of rape and incest. Roe vs. Wade made it to the Supreme Court in 1973, where the argument that abortion was illegal was struck down. The Supreme Court ruled that a woman could choose to have an abortion without the state interfering based on the right to privacy. The Roe vs. Wade decision forever changed and has since impacted the lives of men and women in the United States. After abortion was legalized, the number of sexually transmitted diseases, specifically gonorrhea and syphilis, increased. According to Jonathan Klick and Thomas Stratmann in their journal article, The Effect of Abortion Legalization on the Incidence of Sexually Transmitted Diseases, one of the major costs associated with sexual involvement is the risk of an unwanted pregnancy. After the Roe vs. Wade decision, the potential cost of sexual intercourse was lowered because an unwanted pregnancy could now legally be aborted (Klick and Stratmann 4). The legalization of abortion encouraged perilous sexual conduct (18). Although sexual education is taught in school, the study shows sexual activity increases when someone is more knowledgeable about sexual intercourse because of lower search costs in the sex market (16). The results from Klick and Stratmann’s study show “a large increase in gonorrhea and syphilis rates” due to “changing behavior, which was induced by abortion law changes” (18). After Roe vs. Wade, living conditions changed both positively and negatively for men and women. In his dissertation titled, Impact of Legal and Public Policy Changes on Social and Economic Behavior, Ismail Ozbeklik claims there was a reduction in crime in the 1990’s and this reduction was due to “reducing the number of births...