1. History and Evolution of Robotic Surgery
History of robots industry can be linked to ancient Greeks, which had some kind of concept that we call today robots, many years before Christ. However, first recorded designs were in late 15th century. "One of the first recorded designs of a humanoid robot was made by Leonardo da Vinci in around 1495"( Wikipedia ). Da Vinci's notebooks were discovered later in the middle of 20th century. Term Robot came from Czech writer Karel Capek in 1921.
Robots in medicine didn't start to be used until late 20th century and there were several events that helped the integration of robotics into the medicine. "The first event was the creation and mainstreaming of computer technology. The second event was installation of robots in an American automobile manufacturing plant in 1961"( The Evolution). These events also helped because they introduced robotics to people in the United States. However, first robotic procedure in medicine came more than 20 years later. "Although laparoscopic procedures were performed in gynecology for many years, completion of the first laparoscopic cholecystectomy in 1985 was a contributing event in the development of medical robotic technology" (The Evolution).
Following that, robot was used to execute prostate surgery in 1988. 1992 was the first time that robot was used in the process of hip replacement. Robotic surgery continued to getting developed as people were able to do a... [continues]
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