Robotic Surgery

Topics: Surgery, Da Vinci Surgical System, Robotic surgery Pages: 39 (14448 words) Published: May 19, 2012
Robotic Surgery
HUM432: Technology, Society, and Culture
April 15, 2012

Table of Contents
Abstract – Page 3
Introduction– page 4
Description of Robotic Surgery page 5
Applications of Robotic Surgery – page 4 – 7
History of Robotic Surgery - – page 8
Robotic Surgery –- page 9
Advantages of Robot-Assisted Surgery – page 9, 10
Disadvantages of Robotic Surgery – page 11, 12
Political Influences – page 13 - 16
Legal Influences – page 16 – 20
Economic Questions/ Considerations – page 20 - 27
Psychological Considerations (T. Blake) – page 28
Sociological Considerations (T. Blake) – page 29- 33
Cultural Context – page 33
Media Influence – page 34 - 37
Implications for the Environment ) – page 37 - 42
Moral Implications – page
Ethical Implications – page 44- 46
Conclusion – page 47
References – page 48 - 52

Technology has changed the way we see our world. There are always new discoveries in medicines and advancements in how we perform our day to day lives. Many hospitals today have upgraded their computer systems to keep up with this new technology. The way surgeries are being performed has changed as well. Having robots in our surgery rooms are becoming a thing of the past. The thought of a robotic device performing a procedure that has been performed by thousands of doctors for many years is a wonderful discovery. However, there are some concerns as to whether robotic surgery is better for patients than regular surgery for some procedures. Surprisingly enough there are many patients who would prefer this surgery due to the precision of the robotic arms. Also, the patients who have had surgery say they spend less time recovering in the hospitals. This could mean some savings for the hospitals since the price for the robotic machines can be quite expensive. Moreover, the expenses that would be incurred for having such a machine would come mostly from training the doctors who are controlling the mechanical arms. Additionally, the robotic device will need to be maintenance at some point in time as well. Therefore, the manufactures will continue to make money off of the machines even if they are not selling very many. This will too become a thing of the past and some new technological advanced machine is probably already in the works.

The technology that was chosen by our group is robotic surgery. Robotic surgery has positively affected surgical outcomes in variety of ways. We will discuss the various issues that surgeons and health care facilities must consider, so that it can be determined if the key benefits outweigh the costs that are associated with this form of patient care. Overall, our paper will discuss the influences that encouraged or discouraged robotic surgery, and the impact it has had on the consumers and the environment. Over 20 years ago, robotic surgery was introduced to surgeons in an operating room, as a way of integrating this new technology along with the use of surgical instruments to perform patient’s surgical procedures. However, as time passed and the success level increased, it was very important that there was some sort of communication of shared understanding amongst the surgeons, engineers, entrepreneurs, and health care administrators (Camarillo, M.S., Krummel, M.D. & Salisbury Jr., Ph.D., 2004). There has been much debate as to how beneficial it would be if surgeons have the capability to perform minimally-invasive procedures with the assistance of a robotic. With the use of this particular technique, surgeons have more flexibility therefore; they will not need to physically have their hands within the patients reach and the surgical procedure can still be completed. The surgical robots that are being used today can include both active mills and semi-active tele-robotic devices. The devices that are considered to be semi-active, have the capability of translating various movement from a surgeon’s hand, which will then transform...
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