Roaring Twenties and Roosevelt's New Deal

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The 1920s were an age of dramatic social and political change. For the first time, more Americans lived in cities than on farms. The Roaring Twenties is a term sometimes used to refer to the 1920s, characterizing the decade's distinctive cultural edge in America, Berlin, Paris, London and many other major cities during a period of sustained economic prosperity. Normalcy returned to politics in the wake of the-emotional patriotism during World War I, jazz music blossomed, and the flapper redefined modern womanhood.The nation’s total wealth doubled between 1920 and 1929, and this economic growth swept many Americans into an affluent but unfamiliar “consumer society.” Economically, the era saw the large-scale diffusion and use of automobiles, telephones, motion pictures, and electricity, unprecedented industrial growth, accelerated consumer demand and aspirations, and significant changes in lifestyle and culture. The media focused on celebrities, especially sports heroes and movie stars, as cities rooted for their home team and filled the new cinemas and stadiums. In many major countries women were given the right to vote for the first time. Finally the Wall Street Crash of 1929 ended the era, as the Great Depression set in worldwide, bringing years of worldwide hardship. Another cultural controcersey of the 1920’s was a conflict over the ploace of religion in contemporary society. Fundamentalists insited the Bible was to be interpreted literally. They really opposed the teachings of Charles Darwin, whose theory of evolution had openly challenged the biblical story of the Creation. In March 1925, the legislature adoped a measure making it illegal for any public school teacher “to teach any theory that denies the story of the divine creation of man as taught in the Bible.” The Tennessee law caught the attention of the American Civil Liberties Union, founded in 1917 to defend pacifists, radicals, and conscientious objectors during World War I. The ACLU decided to...
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