Road Traffic Accidents

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ONE FALSE MOVE... A Study of Children's Independent Mobility

Mayer Hillman, John Adams and John Whitelegg

PUBLISHING

The publishing imprint of the independent POLICY STUDIES INSTITUTE 100 Park Village East, London NW13SR Telephone: 071-387 2171; Fax: 071-388 0914 © Policy Studies Institute 1990 All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic or otherwise, without the prior permission of the Policy Studies Institute. ISBN 085374 494 7 A CIP catalogue record of this book is available from the British Library. 123456789 How to obtain PSI publications All book shop and individual orders should be sent to PSI's distributors: BEBCLtd 9 Albion Close, Parkstone, Bournemouth BH12 2LL. Books will normally be despatched in 24 hours. Cheques should be made payable to BEBCLtd. Credit card and telephone/fax orders may be placed on the following freephone numbers: FREEPHONE: 0800 262260 FREEFAX: 0800 262266 Booktrade Representation (UK & Eire) Book Representation Ltd P O Box 17, Canvey Island, Essex SS8 8HZ PSI Subscriptions PSI Publications are available on subscription. Further information from PSI's subscription agent: Carfax Publishing Company Ltd Abingdon Science Park, P O Box 25, Abingdon OX10 SUE Laserset by Policy Studies Institute Printed in Great Britain by Billing & Sons Ltd, Worcester

Preface
This report is based on a research study focused on junior schoolchildren aged 7 to 11, and senior schoolchildren aged 11 to 15. It explores their travel patterns and levels of personal autonomy, and the links that these have with their parents' perception of the danger to which their children are exposed when travelling on their own. The findings and conclusions are drawn from surveys carried out in 1990 in English schools in five areas of England, replicating surveys carried out in 1971 by Policy Studies Institute (formerly Political and Economic Planning) in the same schools in order to provide a temporal dimension to the study, and in five matching areas in Germany in 1990 to provide a cultural dimension. In acknowledging the considerable help obtained during the course of the study, we would particularly like to thank Juliet Solomon for her invaluable contributions to the writing of the report. We would also like to record our appreciation of the hard work that Margaret Whitelegg put into managing the surveys in the German schools including translations of the questionnaires and relevant correspondence. We are grateful to Sebastian Rechenberger for his help with the translations and for his general advice. Thanks are also due to Richard McKinnon for co-operating with us in running the pilot survey in his junior school, Martin Munro and Steve Juggins for preparing the tabulations for us, and Claire Jarvis and Owen Tucker for the cartography. The surveys in the English schools were administered by John Adams, Mayer Hillman, Alison Muir, Juliet Solomon and Sally Vernon; and in Germany by Stephan Czapla, Wolfgang Held, Sebastian Hoffmann, Alexander Kubitza and Antje Kilgus. We wish to thank the local education authorities, the Heads and teachers in the schools in which the surveys were carried out, and not least the children and their parents who responded so positively to our requests

for co-operation and who ensured that we had such an exceptionally high response rate. Finally, the authors would like to thank Heidi Hillman and Clare Morgan for typing and word-processing the manuscript The research study has been made possible by grants from the following three organisations: the Rees Jeffreys Road Fund, the Department of Transport, and the Anglo-German Foundation. We are most grateful to them for their support. The conclusions drawn and the views expressed are, of course, those of the authors.

Contents
List of Figures Preface Introduction 1. Danger on the roads

1 9

2. 3.
4.

The surveys in English...
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