"The Road Not Taken", written by Robert Lee Frost, is a poem that has four five-line stanzas with only two end rhymes in each stanza (abaab). Several kinds of literary devices can be found in the poem. One of the literary devices employed is antithesis.
The first stanza of the poem describes a traveller comes to a split in a road through a "yellow wood" and wishes he could "travel both" routes, but at the same time he realizes that the thought of travelling both roads is unreasonable and therefore rejects it. In the second stanza, the traveller says the other road has "perhaps the better claim/because it was grassy and wanted wear," implying that this road is "less travelled by." And then he contradicts his own judgment by saying that "Though as for that the passing there/had worn them really about the same." In the third stanza, he comes up with the idea of saving the first, (perhaps) more travelled route for another day, but then he sees that he's most likely not going to return, and therefore, probably will never have the chance to travel the more travelled route in the future. The line "Because it was grassy and wanted wear, in the third stanza is an example of personification because the poet says that the road "wanted wear" while we all know that a road can not think and would not have any desire at all.
The poet has also used imagery as a literary device: "Two roads diverged in a yellow wood" (from the first stanza), and "And both that morning equally lay/in leaves no step had trodden black" (from the third stanza) to create a picture in the reader's mind. The literal meaning of the poem is that a traveller who came to a fork in a road in a yellow wood and couldn't decide on which road to take but finally chose to take the one that seemed less travelled by. The figurative theme of the poem is the crucial nature of the choices people must make on the road of life. The story took place in a yellow wood...