GOVERNMENT OF INDIA MINISTRY OF ROAD TRANSPORT AND HIGHWAYS TRANSPORT RESEARCH WING NEW DELHI
FOREWORD Road safety is both a health and development issue of concern considering its magnitude and gravity and the consequent negative impacts on the economy, public health and the general welfare of the people, particularly those with low incomes. Although we have undertaken initiatives and are implementing various road safety improvement programmes, the overall situation as revealed by data is far from satisfactory. With rising motorization and expanding road network, travel risks and traffic exposure grow at a much faster rate, as the growth of registered vehicles always outnumbers population growth and new roads are constructed. Today road traffic injuries are one of the leading causes of deaths, disabilities and hospitalizations with severe socioeconomic costs across the world. As per the Commission for Global Road Safety (2009), road traffic accidents kill an estimated 1.3 million people and injure 50 million people per year globally, and global road fatalities are forecast to reach 1.9 million by 2020. It is estimated that the number of deaths from road accidents in Asia is about 700,000 per year, accounting for more than half of the world’s road fatalities even though Asia accounted for only 43% of the global vehicle population in 2007. During the year 2009 there were around 4.9 lakh road accidents which killed 1,25,660 people and injured more than 5 lakh persons in India. These numbers translate into one road accident every minute and one road accident death every four minutes for India. Road traffic injuries and fatalities impose a huge economic burden on developing economies in particular. In India more than half of the road accident victims are in the age group (25-65 years), the key wage earning and child raising age group. The loss of the main bread earner and head of household due to death or disability can be catastrophic, leading to lower living standards and poverty, in addition to the human cost of bereavement. Road traffic accidents are amenable to remedial action. Many developed countries have witnessed drop in road accidents and casualty numbers by adopting multipronged approach to road safety that encompasses traffic management, road design, safer vehicles, law enforcement, provision of accident care, etc. The challenge for us is to adapt and evaluate these approaches to suit our needs. The purpose of this publication is to present an in depth analysis and overview of the road accidents in India. The data and analysis on road accidents contained in this volume will help create awareness and assist in informed decision making in the area of road safety. Success of road safety initiatives requires active cooperation and participation of all stakeholders. I hope this document would be useful to administrators, policy makers and civil society organizations involved in the area of road safety. (R.S.Gujral) Secretary New Delhi March, 2011
Transport Research Wing (TRW) of the Ministry of Road Transport & Highways is the nodal agency for providing information/data on various facets of road and road transport. The present issue “Road Accidents in India : 2009” attempts to provide data/information relating to road accidents in terms of its magnitude, incidence, spatial spread, its impact, determinants and policy initiatives undertaken by the government to prevent and mitigate its impact. The volume consists of 14 sections, which dwell on various facets of road accidents in India. As the information contained in the volume is obtained from a large number of source agencies spread across States and Union Territories (UTs), there is a time lag in bringing out collated data. Our endeavour is to reduce the time lag in bringing out the publication with the cooperation of the various source agencies. In particular, we would like to thank source agencies across States/UTs in...