Chapter 9: Rizal’s Grand Tour of Europe with Maximo Viola (1887)
After the publication of Noli, Rizal planned to visit the important places in Europe. Dr. Maximo Viola agreed to be his traveling companion. Rizal received Pacianos remittance of P1000 which forward by Juan Luna from Paris and immediately paid his debt to Viola which he loaned so that the Noli could be printed. First, he and Viola visited Potsdam, a city near Berlin.
At the dawn of May 11, 1887, Rizal and Viola, two browned-skinned doctors on a roaming spree, left Berlin by train. Spring was an ideal season for travel. Their destination was in Dresden, ³one of the best cities in Germany´.
Rizal and Viola tarried for sometimes in Dresden. They visited Dr. Adolph B. Meyer,who was overjoyed to see them. In the Museum of Art, Rizal was deeply impressed by painting of “Prometheus Bound”. They also meet Dr. Jagor and heard there plan about Leitmeritz inorder to see Blumentritt. He advice to wire Blumentritt because the old professor might be shock of their visit.
At 1:30 pm of May 15, 1887 the train arrived at the railroad station of Leitmeritz. Professor Blumentritt was at the station carrying a pencil sketch of Rizal which he sent toidentify his friend. Blumentritt get a room at Hotel Krebs, after which he bought them to his house and stayed Leitmeritz May 13 to 14 1887.
They enjoyed hospitality of Blumentritt family. The professor’s wife, Rosa, was a good cook. She prepared Austrian dishes which Rizal’s liked very much. Blumentritt proved to be agreat tourist as well as hospitable host. He showed the scenic and historical spots of Leitmeritz tohis visitors. The Burgomaster (town mayor) was also amazed by Rizal’s “privileged talent”.
Rizal and Viola visited the historic city of Prague. They carried letters of recommendation from Blumentritt to Dr. Wilkom, professor in University of Prague. Rizal and Viola visited the ³Tomb of Copernicus´
May 20 they arrived at Vienna capital of Austria-Hungary. They met Norfenfals, one of the greatest novelist iun that time. They stayed at Hotel Metropole. They also meet two of Blumentritt - Masner and Nordman, Austrian scholars.
May 24, Rizal and Viola left Vienna on a river boat too se beautiful sights of Danube River. As they travelled along the famous river, Rizal observed keenly river sights.
The river voyage ended in Lintz. They travelled overland to Salzburg, and from there toMunich where the sojourned for a short time to savor the famous Munich Beer. Crossing the Frontier to Switzerland
They stayed from June 2 to 3 1887 and continued tour to Basel (Bale), Bern, andLaussane.
Rizal and Viola left Laussane in a little boat crossing the foggy Leman Lake to Geneva.On June 19, 1887, his 26th birthday, Rizal treated Viola to a blow-out. Rizal and Viola spent fifteen days in Geneva. On June 23, they parted ways. Viola decided to return to Barcelona while Rizal continued his tour to Italy.
Rizal received sad news from his friends in Madrid of the deplorable conditions of the primitive Igorots who were exhibited in this exposition. Some of these Igorots died. Rizal was outraged by the degradation of his fellow countrymen.
He visited Turin, Milan, Venice and Florence. On June 27, 1887, he reached Rome. He was thrilled by the sights and memories of the Eternal City²Rome. On June 29th, Rizal visited for the first time the Vatican, the ³City of the Popes´ and the capital of Christendom. After a week of staying in Rome, he prepared to return to the Philippines. He had already written to his father that he was coming home
CHAPTER 10: First Homecoming, 1887-1888
After 5 years of memorable sojourn in Europe, he returned to the Philippines in August1887 and practiced medicine in Calamba. He lived the quiet life of account doctor. But his enemies, who resented his Noli, persecuted him, even threatening to kill him.
Because the publication of Noli Me Tangere and the uproar it cause among the...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document