Second Homecoming And The Liga Filipina
Rizal’s bold return to Manila in June, 1892 was his second homecoming, his first homecoming from abroad being in August, 1887. It marked his reentry into the hazardous campaign for reforms. He firmly believed that the fight for Filipino liberties had assumed a new phase; it must be fought in the Philippines not in Spain. “The battlefield is in the Philippines.” He told countrymen in Europe, “There is where we should meet… There together we will suffer or triumph perhaps”, Two months later, on December 31, 1891, he reiterated this belief in a letter to Blumentritt, “I believe that La Solidaridad is no longer our battlefield; now it is a new struggle… the fight is no longer in Madrid”. In going home to lead a new the reform movement, he was like the biblical Daniel bearding the Spanish lion in its own den.
Arrival in Manila with Sister.
At noon of June 26, 1892, Rizal and his widowed sister lucia (wife of the late Mariano Herbosa) arrived in Manila. A mesticulous diarist, he described his second homecoming as follows: I arrived at Manila on 26 June (1892), Sunday, at 12:00 noon. I was met by many carabineers headed by a major. There were in addition one captain and one sergeant of the Veteran Civil Guard. I came down with my luggage and they inspected me at the customhouse. From there I went to Hotel de Orient where I occupied room No. 22, facing the church of Binondo”. Visiting Friends in Central Luzon
Visiting Friends in Central Luzon 6:00 pm, JUNE 27 following day after his visit to his sisters, he boarded a train in Tutuban station Visited his friends to greet them personally and discuss some issues : (good patriots and supporters of REFORM CRUSADE) from: Malolos, Bulacan San Fernando, Pampanga Tarlac, Tarlac Bacolor, Pampanga 5:00 pm,JUNE 28, went back to Manila Tutuban Station ( Phil. Nat’l Railway) He was shadowed by Government spies The homes that were visited were raided by Guardia Civil which seized some copies of : NOLI, EL FILI and some “ SUBVERSIVE” PAMPHLETS. 2
Other Interviews with Despujol
Other Interviews with Despujol Interviews were vividly recorded in his Diary: Wednesday, June 29,7:30-9:15,feast of St. Peter and St. Paul, gave him hope about his sisters Thursday, June
30,7:30- talked about the question of Borneo, General opposed it very much Sunday, July 3-taleked about sundry things and thanked the General for having lifted the case of his sisters. He was asked if he wanted to go in Hongkong.. He should be back on the coming Wednesday if he says yes. Case secretly filed to Rizal
Founding of La liga Filipina
Founding of La liga Filipina “ The Philippine League” Sunday, July 3, 1892 Meeting of the patriots at the home of the Chinese-filipino Mestizo – DOROTEO ONGJUNCO Present patriots- Panday Pirra, Felipe leal, Socorro, and others... Rizal explained the objectives of the La liga filipina, a civic league of Filipinos. Which he desired to establish and its role in socio economic life of the people. Patriots were favorably impressed and gladly approved the establishment of the Liga.
New elected officers:
New elected officers: President: Ambrosio Salvador Secretary: Deodato Arellano Treasurer: Bonifacio Arevalo Fiscal: Agustin de la Rosa
Aims: To unite the whole archipelago into one compact and homogenous body. Mutual protection in every want and necessity. Defense against all violence and injustice. Encouragement of education, agriculture and commerce. Study and application of reforms. Motto: Unus Instar Omnium (one like all)
Governing Body- Supreme council -which over the whole country had jurisdiction Provincial Council- every province Popular council- every townEvery member pays- entrance fee of two pesosMonthly due- 10 centavos : Governing Body- Supreme council -which over the whole country had...