DR. JOSE PROTACIO MERCADO RIZAL ALONZO YREALONDA
MEANINGS OF NAME
Doctor - completed his medical course in Spain and was conferred the degree of Licentiate in Medicine by the Universidad Central de Madrid Jose- was chosen by his mother who was a devotee of the Christian saint SanJose (St. Joseph) Protacio- from Gervacio P. which come from a Christian calendar Mercado-adopted in 1731 by Domigo Lamco (the paternal great-great-grandfather of Jose Rizal) which the Spanish term mercado means ‘market’ in English Rizal- from the word ‘Ricial’ in Spanish means a field where wheat, cut while stillgreen, sprouts again Alonzo- old surname of his mother
Realonda- it was used by Doña Teodora from the surname of her godmother based on the culture by that time June 19, 1861- moonlit of Wednesday between eleven and midnight Jose Rizal was born in the lakeshore town of Calamba, Laguna June 22, 1861- aged three days old, Rizal was baptized in the Catholic church Father Rufino Collantes- a Batangueño, the parish priest who baptized Rizal Father Pedro Casanas- Rizal’s godfather, native of Calamba and close friend of the Rizal family Lieutenant-General Jose Lemery- the governor general of the Philippines when Rizal was born RIZAL’S PARENTS
Don Francisco Mercado (1818-1898)
-born in Biñan, Laguna on May 11, 1818-studied Latin and Philosophy at the College of San Jose in Manila-became a tenant-farmer of the Dominican-owned hacienda-a hardy and independent-minded man, who talked less and worked more, and was strong in body and valiant in spirit-died in Manila on January 5, 1898 at the age of 80-Rizal affectionately called him “a model of fathers”
Doña Teodora Alonso Realonda (1826-1911)
-born in Manila on November 8, 1826-educated at the College of Santa Rosa, a well-known college for girls in the city-a remarkable woman, possessing refined culture, literary talent, business ability, and the fortitude of Spartan women-is a woman of more than...