Meaning of names:
Doctor - completed his medical course in Spain and was conferred the degree of Licentiate in Medicine by the Universidad Central de Madrid. Jose - was chosen by his mother who was a devotee of the Christian saint San Jose (St. Joseph) Protacio- from Gervacio P. which come from a Christian calendar Mercado - adopted in 1731 by Domigo Lamco (the paternal great-great-grandfather of Jose Rizal) which the Spanish term mercado means ‘market’ in English Rizal - from the word ‘Ricial’ in Spanish means a field where wheat, cut while stillgreen, sprouts again Alonzo - old surname of his mother
Y - and
Realonda- it was used by Doña Teodora from the surname of her godmother based on the culture by that time.
June 19, 1861 - moonlit of Wednesday between eleven and midnight Jose Rizal was born in the lakeshore town of Calamba, Laguna. June 22, 1861 - aged three days old, Rizal was baptized in the Catholic church. Father Rufino Collantes - a Batangueño, the parish priest who baptized Rizal. Father Pedro Casanas - Rizal’s godfather, native of Calamba and close friend of the Rizal family. Lieutenant-General Jose Lemery - the governor general of the Philippines when Rizal was born. RIZAL’S PARENTS
Don Francisco Mercado (1818-1898)
-born in Biñan, Laguna on May 11, 1818-studied Latin and Philosophy at the College of San Jose in Manila-became a tenant-farmer of the Dominican-owned hacienda-a hardy and independent-minded man, who talked less and worked more, and was strong in body and valiant in spirit-died in Manila on January 5, 1898 at the age of 80-Rizal affectionately called him “a model of fathers”
Doña Teodora Alonso Realonda (1826-1911)
-born in Manila on November 8, 1826-educated at the College of Santa Rosa, a well-known college for girls in the city-a remarkable woman, possessing refined culture, literary talent, business ability, and the fortitude of Spartan women-is a woman of more than ordinary culture: she knows literature and speaks Spanish (according to Rizal)-died in Manila on August 16, 1911 at the age of 85.
The Rizal children
Saturnina (1850-1913) - oldest of the Rizal children-nicknamed Neneng-married Manuel T. Hidalgo of Tanawan, Batangas. Paciano (1851-1930) - older brother and confident of Jose Rizal-was a second father to Rizal-immortalized him in Rizal’s first novel Noli Me Tangere as the wise Pilosopo Tasio-Rizal regarded him as the “most noble of Filipinos”-became a combat general in the Philippine Revolution-died on April 13, 1930, an old bachelor aged 79-had two children by his mistress (Severina Decena)—a boy and a girl. Narcisa (1852-1939) - her pet name was Sisa-married to Antonio Lopez (nephew of Father Leoncio Lopez), a school teacher of Morong. Olimpia (1855-1887) - Ypia was her pet name-married Silvestre Ubaldo, a telegraph operator from Manila. Lucia (1857-1919) - married to Mariano Herbosa of Calamba, who was a nephew of Father Casanas-Herbosa died of cholera in 1889 and was denied Christian burial because he was a brother-in-law of Dr. Rizal. Maria (1859-1945) - Biang was her nickname-married Daniel Faustino Cruz of Biñan, Laguna. Jose (1861-1896) - the greatest Filipino hero and peerless genius-nickname was Pepe-lived with Josephine Bracken, Irish girl from Hong Kong-had a son but this baby-boy died a few hours after birth; Rizal named him “Francisco” after his father and buried himin Dapitan. Concepcion (1862-1865) - her pet name was Concha-died of sickness at the age of 3-her death was Rizal’s first sorrow in life. Josefa (1865-1945) - her pet name was Panggoy-died an old maid at the age of 8010. Trinidad (1868-1951) - Trining was her pet name-she died also an old maid in 1951 aged 83. Soledad (1870-1929) - youngest of the Rizal children-her pet name was Choleng-married Pantaleon Quintero of Calamba
* Rizal always called her sisters Doña or Señora (if married) and Señorita (if single) * Francisco Mercado...