Rizal’s First Homecoming
In the summer of August 1887, Rizal decided to return to the Philippines for some months.
The circumstances during his time were favorable because many authorities at that time were liberally inclined. Both the Gran Oriente de España and Luz de Oriente was composed of Spaniards and Filipino masons.
Rizal’s priority was to cure his mother’s eyes, thus his first operation of being an ophthalmologist based from his experiences and studies, was very successful in removing a double cataract and restored Teodora’s vision.
He then provided a lot for the community by opening a gymnasium for them, shared his knowledge about European sports and taught them to the young folks, he even practiced as a physician during his stay in Calamba.
Then in the land troubles at Calamba he suggested to the tenants that they ask in the lawsuits that the landlords show their deeds. This he knew these would be unwilling to do because they were claiming more land than their deeds covered. Also he got the town to report the full amount of rents paid so that the landlords would have to pay taxes which before they had been escaping. The litigation had arisen from refusals to sign new and one-sided contracts, in which the Rizal family led the tenants.
For some time back Rizal's father had been in disfavor with the hacienda owners through denying to the manager a present of a turkey once when an epidemic had reduced his flock to only a few birds. He had been accustomed to make such gifts at the official's request so that individual became angry and raised the rent, doubling it. Again he doubled it when he found the first raise did not cause Francisco Rizal-Mercado to come begging forgiveness, but his tenant was not of the kind that looked out for self-interest when he considered himself in the right. He stood up for his rights and the courts justified his position. Legally he won but an abuse of authority by an unscrupulous governor general cost him his property. Yet he never seemed to regret his stand and never asked sympathy.
Governor General Terrero, who had given Rizal a lieutenant named Jose Taviel de Andrade of the Civil Guard as a bodyguard, found it difficult to protect him and, after six months, advised him to leave. In the interview the governor general spoke of having been interested in reading the extracts from "Noli Me Tangere" quoted by the censor in the petition for the book's prohibition, and requested a copy.
His betrothed, Leonor Rivera, whom he idealized in the "Maria Clara" of "Noli Me Tangere," through the withholding of Rizal's letters and by representations that he no longer thought of her, had been persuaded to marry a young English engineer.
The Second Homecoming
There were certain reasons as to why Jose Rizal would again return to his Fatherland. He decided to go home on
May 1892, with the following reasons:
1. to confer with Governor Despujol regarding his proposol on the Borneo colonization.
2. To establish the Liga Filipina in the Philippines. and
3. To prove to his detractors, particularly Eduardo de Lete, that the latter was wrong in accusing Rizal of cowardliness and unbravely characteristic. It was said that de Lete attacked that Rizal was comfortable and safe in Hong Kong that he already abandoned the country's cause.
As he arrived together with her sister Lucia in Manila, a series of events transpired. Among which are:
June 26,1892 -(Sunday at 12:00 noon)Rizal and his
sister Lucia arrived in Manila
-Afternoon at 4:00 o'clock he went to
Malacanang to seek audience with the Spanish Governor
General Eulogio Despujol, Conde de Caspe. He was told
to come back at that night at 7:00 o'clock. He
returned but told him to return on Wednesday (June
June 27 -at 6:00 p.m. Rizal boarded a train in Tutuban
Station to visited his friends in Malolos(Bulacan),
San Fernando (Pampanga), Tarlac(Tarlac), and
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