* Rizal continued his trip by rail, finally reaching Barcelona on June 16, 1882 * Filipinos in Barcelona were some of his classmates in Ateneo, welcomed him. They gave him a party at café Plaza de Cataluña. After toasts, Rizal in turn gave them the latest news and gossips in the Philippines. * Rizal wrote a nationalistic essay entitled “Amor Patrio” which was his first written article on Spain’s soil. He then sent his article to Basilio Teodoro Moran, publisher of Diariong Tagalog. Basilio was deeply impressed by the article congratulated Rizal and asked Rizal to publish more articles. * 23 June 1882
In a letter, Rizal related to his parents his experiences during his trip from Port Said to Barcelona. In the same Letter, he requested them to send him a birth certificate and statement showing that he had parents in the Philippines. * 18 August 1882
P. Leoncio Lopez of Calamba issued a certified copy of Rizal’s birth certificate. * 20 August 1882
His article "Amor Patrio" was published in the Diarong Tagalog, a Manila newspaper edited by Basilio Teodoro. This was the First article he wrote abroad.
* Early in August, 1890 – Rizal arrived in Madrid
* He tried all legal means to seek justice for his family and the calamba tenants, but he failed. * Upon arrival in Madrid, Rizal immediately sought the help of the Filipino Colony, the Asociacion Hispano – Filipina, and the Liberal Spanish newspapers (La Justicia, El Globo, La Republica, El resumen). * From Silvestre Ubaldo, he received a copy of the ejectment order by the Dominicans against Francisco Rizal and other calamba tenants. * From Saturnina, he learned of the deportation of Paciano, Antonio Lopez, Silvestre Ubaldo, Teong, and Dandoy to Mindoro * His parents were forcibly ejected from their home and were then living in the house of Narcisa. * Wenceslao E. Retana imprudently wrote an article in La Epoca an anti-Filipino newspaper in Madrid, asserting...