Rizal in Europe

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* Rizal continued his trip by rail, finally reaching Barcelona on June 16, 1882 * Filipinos in Barcelona were some of his classmates in Ateneo, welcomed him. They gave him a party at café Plaza de Cataluña. After toasts, Rizal in turn gave them the latest news and gossips in the Philippines. * Rizal wrote a nationalistic essay entitled “Amor Patrio” which was his first written article on Spain’s soil. He then sent his article to Basilio Teodoro Moran, publisher of Diariong Tagalog. Basilio was deeply impressed by the article congratulated Rizal and asked Rizal to publish more articles. * 23 June 1882

In a letter, Rizal related to his parents his experiences during his trip from Port Said to Barcelona. In the same Letter, he requested them to send him a birth certificate and statement showing that he had parents in the Philippines. * 18 August 1882

P. Leoncio Lopez of Calamba issued a certified copy of Rizal’s birth certificate. * 20 August 1882
His article "Amor Patrio" was published in the Diarong Tagalog, a Manila newspaper edited by Basilio Teodoro. This was the First article he wrote abroad.

* Early in August, 1890 – Rizal arrived in Madrid
* He tried all legal means to seek justice for his family and the calamba tenants, but he failed. * Upon arrival in Madrid, Rizal immediately sought the help of the Filipino Colony, the Asociacion Hispano – Filipina, and the Liberal Spanish newspapers (La Justicia, El Globo, La Republica, El resumen). * From Silvestre Ubaldo, he received a copy of the ejectment order by the Dominicans against Francisco Rizal and other calamba tenants. * From Saturnina, he learned of the deportation of Paciano, Antonio Lopez, Silvestre Ubaldo, Teong, and Dandoy to Mindoro * His parents were forcibly ejected from their home and were then living in the house of Narcisa. * Wenceslao E. Retana imprudently wrote an article in La Epoca an anti-Filipino newspaper in Madrid, asserting that the family and friends of Rizal had not paid their rents so that they were ejected from their lands in Calamba by the Dominicans. * Rizal lost his gold watch chain with a locket containing the picture of Leonor Rivera, his beloved sweetheart while he attended a play in the Teatro Apollo together with his friends, and that incident proved to be a bad omen. * December, 1890 – Rizal received a letter from Leonor, announcing her coming married with an Englishman. * February, 1891 – he left Madrid and proceeded to Biarritz, where he was a welcomed guest of the Bousted at their Villa Eliada. * April 4, 1891 – He wrote to Jose Ma. Basa, expressing his wish to live in Hongkong and practice medicine.

* 17 June 1883
Rizal arrived at Paris. He spent the whole day walking around and observing the beautiful cities. * 19 June 1883
He again visited Dr. Nicaise who showed the technique of operation. Later he went to see dupytren Museum. * 20 June 1883
Rizal visited the Lariboisiere Hospital where Felix Pardo de Tavera was an extern. Here he observe the examination of the different diseases of women. * 21 June 1883
After watching the done by Dr. Duply, he went to the Jardin d’ Acclimatation situated outside the Paris in the Forest of Bologna. He found there plants of all species and the rarest and most beautiful birds. * 5 July 1883

In a letter to his parents, sisters and brother, Rizal continued describing the museum, buildings and hospitals he had visited in Paris. * 2 August 1883
In a letter to his parents, he continued describing his visits to museum and his excursions to important place in Paris.

* Having come from Paris on February 3, 1886 he completed his ophtalmological studies at the University Eye Clinic Heidelberg, Bergheimer Str. under the renowned Professor Becker. * At that time the physicist Prof. Helmholtz had invented the ophtalmoscope and the basic research done here attracted young doctors...
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