Exile in Dapitan, 1892-96
Rizal lived in exile in faraway Dapitan, a remote town in Mindanao which was under the missionary jurisdiction of the Jesuits, from 1892 to 1896. This four – year interregnum in his life was tediously unexciting, but was abundantly fruitful with varied achievements. Beginning of Exile in Dapitan
Steamer Cebu – brought Rizal to Dapitan carried a letter from Father Pablo Pastells, Superior of the Jesuits Society in the Philippines, to Father Antonio Obach, Jesuits parish priest of Dapitan. The letter informed that Rizal could live at the parish convent but with following condition which he refused. Captain Carnicero – the commandant where Rizal live. He admired the kind, generous Spanish Captain. As evidence of his esteem, he wrote a poem, A Don Ricardo Carnicero, on August 26, 1892 on the occasion of the captain’s birthday. Wins in Manila Lottery
September 21, 1892, the sleepy town of Dapitan burst in hectic excitement. The mail boat Butuan, brought no Spanish officials but the happy tidings that the Lottery Tickets No. 9736 jointly owned by Captain Carnicero, Dr. Rizal and Francisco Equilior (Spanish Resident of Dipolog, a neighboring town of Dapitan) won the second prize of P20,000 in the government owned Manila Lottery. Lottery – the only vice of Rizal according to Wenceslao E. Retana. Rizal – Pastells Debate on Religion
Father Pastell sent Rizal a book by Sarada, with the advice that the latter (Rizal) should desist from his majaderas (foolishness) in viewing religion from the prism of individual judgment and self-esteem. Rizal revealed his anti – Catholic ideas which he had acquired in Europe and embitterment at his persecution by the bad friars. Father Pastells tried his best to win back Rizal to the fold of Catholicism. Rizal could not be convinced by Pastells arguments so that he lived in Dapitan beyond the pale of his Mother Church. In spite of their religious differences, Rizal and Pastells remained good friends. His Catholicism, however was the Catholicism that inquires and enlightens, the “Catholicism of Renan and Teilhard de Chardin”. Rizal Challenges a Frenchman to a Duel
Mr. Juan Lardet, - businessman. This man purchased many logs from the land of Rizal. It so happen that some of the logs were poor of quality. Antonio Miranda - a Dapitan merchant and friend of Rizal, expressed Lardet disgust with the business deal. Miranda – indiscreetly forwarded Lardet’s letter to Rizal which led him to flared up his anger and challenge Lardet to a duel. March 30, 1893 – Lardet wrote Rizal for apology and the good relationship between them restored. Rizal and Father Sanchez
Father Francisco de Paula Sanchez – Rizal’ favorite teacher at the Ateneo de Manila and the only Spanish priest to defend Rizal’s Noli Me Tangere in public. He was send to win back Rizal fold of catolicism. Rizal could not be convinced by his former beloved teacher. Rizal gave Sanchez a manuscript entitled Estudios sobre la lengua tagala (Studies on the Tagalog Language) a Tagalog grammar which Rizal wrote and which he dedicated to his beloved former teacher.
Idyllic Life in Dapitan
1. He had built his house by the seashore of Talisay.
2. He also had another house for his school boys
3. He has a hospital for his patient.
August, 1893 - members of his family took turns in visiting him in order to assuage his loneliness in the isolated outpost of Spanish power in the Moroland. December 19, 1893 - Rizal wrote to Blumentritt describing his life in Dapitan.
Rizal’s Encounter with the Friar’s Spy
November 3, 1893 - a spy and posing as a relative, secretly visited Rizal at his house on night He introduced himself Pablo Mercado as a friend and relative, showing a photo of Rizal and a pair of buttons with the initial “P.M” as evidence of his kinship. He offered his service as a confidential courier of Rizal’s letters and writings for the patriots in Manila. Captain Juan Sitges –...