Rizal

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  • Topic: Philippines, José Rizal, Philippine Revolution
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AMA Computer University

Life and Works of Dr. Jose Rizal

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LESSON 1:What is a Hero?
Rizal Law (R. A. 1425)

Introduction

Taking up Rizal course for credits, like reading Shakespeare to get by in English courses, can be tiresome for the youth. If reading and discussing the text about Rizal cannot be fun, then it will just be like a cold stone without elaboration.

To discuss about a hero is taking him as a person with flesh and blood not as a deity or a supernatural being that is an object of reverence without understanding. To appreciate a hero like Rizal, we must be able to learn more about him – not his acts but the thoughts behind his acts, his reasons, his experiences and his works that are relevant to our time and place. We should study Rizal as a person – his intelligence, courage, compassion nationalism and also his weakness like being a womanizer, violent, and short-tempered that complete him as a human being. When we realize that he is like us, then, we can truly appreciate his being human and his great and exemplary deeds are word emulating.

Objectives:

At the end of the lesson, the students will be able to:

1.Value the true meaning of heroism and the criteria set by the National Heroes Committee (NHC)

2. Examine the policy on the selection and proclamation of national heroes;

3. Understand the Rizal law and its implication to the current educational system;

4. Realize that Rizal was an ordinary human being, and not a God or God-like.

Definition of a hero:

According to the dictionary:
- a hero is a man admired for his achievements and noble qualities and regarded as an ideal or model - the central figure in an event, period or movement, honored for outstanding qualities - he/she is someone who shows great courage in an important event

- a hero is a man admired for his achievements and noble qualities and regarded as an ideal or model - the central figure in an event, period or movement, honored for outstanding qualities - he/she is someone who shows great courage in an important event

According to Dr. Esteban de Ocampo, a known Filipino historian, as stated in his book about Rizal that:
“ a hero means a prominent or central personage taking an admirable part in any remarkable action or event; a person of distinguished valor or enterprise in danger, or fortitude in suffering; and a man honored after death by public worship because of exceptional service to mankind.”

Who will set the criteria for the recognition of the national hero?

No law, executive order or proclamation has been enacted or issued officially proclaiming any Filipino historical figure as a national hero. However, because of their significant roles in the process of nation building and contributions to history, there were laws enacted and proclamations issued honoring these heroes. But according to historians, heroes, should not be legislated. Their appreciation should be better left to academics. Acclamation for heroes, they felt, would be recognition enough.

Executive Order No.75 “National Heroes Committee”

Issued by President Fidel V. Ramon on March 28, 1993
creating the National Heroes Committee under the Office of the President. The principal duty of the Committee is to study, evaluate and recommend Filipino national personages/heroes in due recognition of their sterling character and remarkable achievements for the country.

The Technical Committee of the National Heroes Committee had a meeting on June 3, 1993 in Manila and adopted the following criteria:

1. Heroes are those who have a concept of nation and thereafter aspire and struggle for the nation’s freedom. 2. Heroes are those who define and contribute to a system or life of freedom and order for a nation. 3. Heroes are those who...
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