This article is about the Philippine national hero. For other uses, see José Rizal (disambiguation).
José Rizal |
Born | June 19, 1861
Calamba, Laguna, |
Died | December 30, 1896 (aged 35)
Bagumbayan, Manila |
Cause of death | execution by firing squad |
Monuments | Rizal Park, Manila
Calamba City, Laguna |
Nationality | Filipino |
Alma mater | Ateneo Municipal de Manila,University of Santo Tomas,Universidad Central de Madrid,University of Paris, Ruprecht Karl University of Heidelberg |
Organization | La Solidaridad, La Liga Filipina |
Religion | Roman Catholicism |
Spouse | Josephine Bracken (1896)
Children | Francísco Rizal y Bracken (who died after birth) |
Signature | |
José Protacio Mercado Alonzo y Realonda Rizal (June 19, 1861 – December 30, 1896), was a Filipino polymath, patriot and the most prominent advocate for reform in the Philippines during the Spanish colonial era. He is regarded as the foremost Filipino patriot and is listed as one of the national heroes of the Philippines by the National Heroes Committee. His execution day in 1896, now known as Rizal Day, is a national holiday in the Philippines.
Rizal was born to a rich family in Calamba, Laguna and was the seventh of eleven children. He attended the Ateneo Municipal de Manila, earning a Bachelor of Arts, and enrolled in medicine at the University of Santo Tomas. He continued his studies at the Universidad Central de Madrid in Madrid, Spain, earning the degree of Licentiate in Medicine. He also attended the University of Paris and earned a second doctorate at theUniversity of Heidelberg.
Rizal was a polyglot, conversant in twenty-two languages. He was a prolific poet, essayist, diarist, correspondent, and novelist whose most famous works were his two novels, Noli me Tangere and its sequel, El filibusterismo. These social commentaries during theSpanish colonization of the country... [continues]
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