In the first few parts, he described the surroundings with much romanticism like he is circled by “men of heart” and ” where noble emotions dwell” and “the air is full of empathetic good feeling.” At the time said, Philippines were under much oppression by the Spanish friars that is impossible to talk about it in public unless you would want to be branded as a filibuster. But in the Brindis Speech, Rizal fearlessly exclaims the reason why they are gathered and that is to signify an achievement that had shed light into what has turned out to be a dark society as the painting itself portrays. He also gives praise to Hidalgo for illuminating the different ends of the globe and how high a respect he has for them.
He claims change is coming as he used the metaphors such as the “illustrious achievements of [Philippines’] children are no longer consummated within the home.” This is a clear nod to the Filipino community in Madrid who organized the event.
But most of all you will notice that he gives praise to the youth that fires much enthusiasm and how their actions have made a great difference and contributed to glory that is the Philippines. When he starts to talk about the Spolarium itself, Rizal takes us deep on the reality that the canvass “is not mute” despite all the darkness and shadow laid the mystery and horror of the slaves, orphans and the sobs of the oppressed. And apparently the friars at the time persecute anyone who threatens them with legal action.
He also acknowledges that the Philippines owes Spain in some way saying“Spain as a mother also teaches her language to Filipinos” but then frowns bitter on the “midgets who secure their position.”
Apparently he is making a jab at the elite who does everything...