Rivers of India

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  • Topic: India, Bay of Bengal, Indus River
  • Pages : 4 (1169 words )
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  • Published : July 2, 2011
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The rivers of India play an important role in the lives of the Indian people. The river systems provide irrigation, potable water, cheap transportation, electricity, and the livelihoods for a large number of people all over the country. This easily explains why nearly all the major cities of India are located by the banks of rivers. The rivers also have an important role in Hindu mythology and are considered holy by all Hindus in the country. Seven major rivers along with their numerous tributaries make up the river system of India. Most of the rivers pour their waters into the Bay of Bengal; however, some of the rivers whose courses take them through the western part of the country and towards the east of the state of Himachal Pradesh empty into the Arabian Sea. Parts of Ladakh, northern parts of the Aravalli range and the arid parts of the Thar Desert have inland drainage. All major rivers of India originate from one of the three main watersheds: The Himalaya and the Karakoram ranges

Vindhya and Satpura ranges and Chotanagpur plateau in central India Sahyadri or Western Ghats in western India
River Systems in India can be broadly classify as below:
The Himalayan River System
The Deccan or Peninsular River System
The Coastal Rivers
The rivers of the inland drainage basin
The Himalayan River System
Ganga River System
The Ganga and its tributaries like Yamuna, Son, Gandak, have been left out of the list which actually formulates the biggest cultivable plains of north and eastern India, known as the Gangetic plains. The main river, the holy Ganga forms by the joining of Alaknanda and Bhagirathi at Devprayag. Ganga starts from Gomukh Gangotri glaciers in the Himalayas and flows from Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, and then enters West Bengal and Bangladesh. It ultimately ends in the Bay of Bengal in Bangladesh, where it is known as Padma. This is the longest river of India it covers nearly about 2525km.

Indus River System
The Indus River originates in the...
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