Most of the rich cultures of ancient history were flourished on the bank of rivers due to the comfort ness of growing crops. Similarly Indian culture was also initiated on a bank of river called the Indus Valley River civilization or culture. Still, today river is a vital necessity for human being to growup agriculture, industry and better communications.
According to the resource of rivers we can divide Indian rivers in 3 distinct types. These are Himalayan River, Rivers of Bindhya & Satpura ranges and the Rivers of Sahyadri or Western Ghats. Maximum of these take its birth from the snow and glaciers of Himalayas higher mountáin ranges and perennially flows across the mountáin region and after that it falls on to the plains and decreased its current and finally meat to the Bay of Bengal or Arabian Sea.
Seven major rivers (Indus, Brahmaputra, Narmada, Tapi, Godavari, Krishna and Mahanadi )along with their numerous tributaries make up the river system of India. Most of the rivers pour their waters into the Bay of Bengal. Some of the rivers whose courses take them through the western part of the country and towards the east of the state of Himachal Pradesh empty into the Arabian Sea. Parts of Ladakh, northern parts of the Aravalli range and the arid parts of the Thar Desert have inland drainage. All major rivers of India originate from one of the three main watersheds. •
The Himalaya and the Karakoram ranges •
Major River Groups
Vindhya and Satpura ranges and Chotanagpur plateau in central India •
Sahyadri or Western Ghats in western India
The rivers of India can be classified on the basis of origin and on the type of basin that they form.
Different types of Rivers in India
Indian rivers are classified as 4 types according to the landforms on which a river flows. These are Himalayan River, Peninsular River, costal River and the Inland drainage basin.
Himalayan River:This type of river flows perennially from the Himalayas Higher ranges to the Ocean of Bay of Bengal or Indian Ocean. The Himalayan Rivers are formed by melting snow and glaciers and therefore, continuously flow throughout the year. During the monsoon months, Himalayas receive very heavy rainfall and rivers swell, causing frequent floods Some important Himalayas Rivers are Ganga, Brâhmaputra, Barâk, Tista, Mahânanda etc. Deccan river: The Deccan Rivers on the other hand are rain fed and therefore fluctuate in volume. Many of these are non-perennial
Peninsular River: This type of Rivers is non-perennial and flows across on the plain land of India. Some major peninsular rivers of India are Godabâri, Krishna, Mahânadi and Kâveri. Usually these rivers flow from north to south across the plain land and finally meet to Bay of Bengal. Other hand the Narmada River is flowing to the Arabian Sea.
Costal River: This type of river is also non-perennial and flow through the costal areas of Arabian and Bay of Bengal as for example the Tâpti, Pennar and Ajây river. Costal Rivers are small in size but it has a very important role in the agriculture system of India. Draining system of more than ten percent land area in India depends on costal rivers. The Coastal streams, especially on the west coast are short in length and have limited catchment's areas. Most of them are non-perennial. The streams of inland drainage basin of western Rajasthan are few. Most of them are of an ephemeral character.
Inland drainage basin: This type of rivers found in Rajasthân. Usually, these rivers of India are small in length and finally meet to Indian Ocean. Luni River is an example of drainage basin which runs across the Rann of Kachch, Gujarat. Some imp rivers:
Important Rivers of India
Indus River: Indus River takes its birth from the Manas Sarovar (lake) in Tibet. Total length of the River is 3181 km and has an estimated drainage area about 1165001 km². Its have five major tributaries, namely the...
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