RISK ASSESSMENT OF MALATHION PESTICIDE APPLICATION
West Nile virus (WNV) is a dangerous nervous system disease that spreads primarily by mosquitoes (2007). According to data from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (2007), there were 4,269 West Nile Virus cases in the United States in 2006 and 177 were fatalities. The West Nile Virus does not discriminate from the rich, the poor or the uneducated. By administering the application of harmless pesticides we can not only cut down the death rate, but we can also provide a safer environment. Our city, Genericville has an economically diverse population of 100,000 people that depend on its summer tourism to provide its inhabitants a sense of belonging. Our city has taken great measures to prevent spring flooding. The city has several wetlands along the banks of the river that runs through the center of Genericville. These wetlands provide a source of nutrients for several species of birds and fish among many other environmental elements. The downfall is that it is also a breeding ground for mosquitoes that could spread diseases like the West Nile Virus.
DOSE RESPONSE ASSESSMENTS:
Without the application of Malathion by aerial and ground spraying it could possibly reduce tourism which would create further poverty. Implementing the doses could kill the natural predators of mosquitoes and ultimately increase the spread of the West Nile Virus. Using the pesticide would drop the cases of West Nile virus from 50 to 5 with a less than 20% chance of fatalities in each of the 5 cases.
Many people in town especially the poor or uneducated would not follow safety precautions required by the Malathion application program. This would come from not knowing the pros and cons of the effects of the Malathion application. . Residents could be outside during the aerial and ground spraying or they could handle or eat matter containing residues from the application of...
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