Risk and Social Care

Topics: Risk, Risk assessment, Decision making Pages: 6 (1356 words) Published: August 5, 2014

Learner Name___Melanie Cox___________________________________________ Unit – HSC036
Unit
Learning outcome(s)
Assessment criteria
Questions

HSC036
1
1.1
Explain how and why person-centred values must influence all aspects of health and social care work.

Answer
Person-centred care values must influence all aspects of health and social care work. Health and social care should be based on person-centred values, and should be individualised as this is a law requirement (Human Rights Act 1998, Health and Social care Act 2012, Codes of practice for Social Care Workers, etc.). If person-centre values that underpin all work in the health and social care sector are followed as they should be then all individuals should feel that and health and social workers ensure that: • the individual is supported in accessing their rights

• the individual is treated has an individual
• the individual is supported to exercise choice
• ensure the individual have privacy if they want it
• support the individual to be as independent as possible
• treat all individuals with dignity and respect

1
1.2
Explain how to evaluate the use of care plans in applying person centred values. Answer
We must take into account the history, needs, wishes and preferences of all individuals when planning care and support. This involves asking the individuals their opinions on every aspect of their daily lives, from what time they wish to get up and have their meals, to what they want to wear and what do they wish to do during the day. Including their personal hygiene and caring needs. Support and treat all service users as individuals and with respect and dignity when considering their needs and preferences. Refer them to the care plan and if they do not agree with something on their care plan, discuss this with them and then report and record the conversation with the manager and it is arranged that the individual should be re-assessed and an updated care plan can be made out with the changes wanted by the individual.

2
2.3
Explain how you adapt your actions and approaches in response to an individual’s changing needs or preferences.

An individual care plan is created in agreement and with the individuals consent and will have recorded lots of information regarding the individual, age, family details, likes and dislikes, health needs, culture, mental health and circumstances. The care plan will need to be reviewed frequently; due to changes in the individual’s needs or preferences and any subsequent reviews will also be signed and agreed by him/herself. By including the persons personal values in their care plan you are ensuring that their needs and preferences are met.

3
3.1
Analyse factors that influence the capacity of an individual to express consent.

Answer
The term “consent capacity” describes an adult’s ability to understand information relevant to making an informed, voluntary decision. Impairments to reasoning and judgment which may make it impossible for someone to give informed consent include such factors as basic intellectual or emotional immaturity, high levels of stress such as PTSD or as severe mental retardation, severe mental illness, intoxication, severe sleep deprivation, Alzheimer's disease, or being in a coma.

3
3.3
Explain what steps to take if consent cannot be readily established.

Answer
If the person cannot give consent either because they cannot communicate or understand the question then the next of kin can give consent (usually in the order of spouses, parents, children, if there is no-one or in case of emergencies treating staff can give.

4
4.1
Describe different ways of applying active participation to meet individual needs.

Active participation is a way of working that recognises an individual’s right to participate in the activities and relationships of everyday life as independently as possible; the individual is regarded as an active partner in their own care or...
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