19 September 2014
The Roman republic had a set of core beliefs that every citizen tried to model themselves after. A Roman citizen needed to be willing to do whatever Rome asked of him. A notable example is when Cincinnatus was asked to come to the aid of Rome and be a temporary leader of the state his response was to drop his plough and he went and led Rome until he was no longer needed then he went back and picked his plough up from where he left it supposedly on two separate occasions. This was what every Roman was supposed to do for Rome to be considered a good citizen. Even though Rome’s government was tailored to better serve the wealthy, Rome’s government was truly a people’s government. The GrecoRoman Heroic ideal is someone of wealth or royal birth, in Republican Rome, usually a land owner, who is willing to serve his country however they may be needed especially in its time of need. Rome was all about honoring one’s family be they alive or dead, this meant serving Rome even if it meant to your death to protect her, this one a part of the Roman ethos. The reach of Rome was vast and even seemed to know no bounds. This was bound to fail due to the fact that at first only people who lived in Rome were considered citizens of Rome, eventually the title of citizen was extended to the entire boot of Italy to help appease more people in the Republic. While the provinces conquered were not considered citizens they still had to pay tribute, usually in grain or other crops, In return Rome would come to the aid of the people should they fall under threat of attack. Rome was able to control and manage the spread of power by letting the conquered people keep their way of life and religion and simply pay tribute, instead of the Greek tradition of forcing the indigenous people to convert to the mother lands religion and erect a temple in a
certain deity or deities honor, this assimilation kept most of the people in these areas happy with the exception of when the crops did not yield as much as they thought making it difficult to feed one’s family and pay Rome.
Initially when only landowners were allowed to be in the military due to the fact that supplying ones own armaments was a necessity and also not very cheap, it was difficult for the people that did not own land to demonstrate what almost everyone considered to be the ideals of a good Roman citizen. In order for the Roman republic to work the way it did it required people to be able to own up and pay the price for their actions, like Cincinnatus who retired to the farm mentioned prior to after his son was convicted and Cincinnatus paid a large fine after which he retired to his small farm. The Patricians who in the republic were supposed to essentially have a monopoly power in the political aspect of roman culture came to an end with the Struggle of Orders. The Plebeians before the Struggle were only meant to have nothing more than the right to vote in the Republic’s assembly, looking at the way the republic started it did not seem like a government that was truly for its people, rather a government that was for the wealthy people that lived under its umbrella. The struggle took place essentially so that all men could be looked upon and treated equal under the law, while this may not have always been the case every time the two were looked at and deemed to be relatively equal legally resulting in the eventual allowance of intermarriage of the two social classes. Even going so far as to allow the Plebeians to have a voice in the say of Rome by becoming a Consul or a senator, this was key in the structure of the republic’s foundation because it made them an even truer form of a republic government much to which the United States was modeled after.
Pompey and Caesar while rather unknowingly at the time were a large reason as to why The ...
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