Right to Information Act in Indian Democracy

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In modern constitutional democracies, it is axiomatic that citizens have a right to know about the affairs of the Government which, having been elected by them, seeks to formulate sound policies of governance aimed at their welfare. The ideals of modern democracy are built up on the principle that freedom of speech and expression is necessary, for self expression which is an important means of free conscience and self fulfillment. It enables people to contribute to debates of social and moral issues. It is the best way to find a truest model of anything, since it is only through it, that the widest possible range of ideas can circulate. It is the only vehicle of political discourse so essential to democracy and the largest democratic country, India, stands 55th in the list of 68 countries in the enactment of Right to Information. Inorder to promote transparency and accountability in administration, the Indian Parliament enacted the Freedom of Information Act, 2002, which was repealed later and a new act, the Right to Information Act( RTI) came into force on 12 October 2005.The new law empowers Indian citizens to seek information from a public authority, thus making the Government and its functionaries more accountable and responsible. As our former PM Atal Behari Vajpayee had said, ”The Government wants to share power with the humblest; it wants to empower the weakest.”It is precisely because of this reason that the RTI has to be ensured for all. It is a matter of pride that we have given to ourselves a tool which has the potential to usher in transparency and reduce corruption .Information is indispensable for the functioning of a true democracy. People have to be kept informed about current affairs and broad issues-political, financial, social and economic. Soli Sorabjee stressing on the need of RTI aim at bringing transparency in administration and public life, says, ”Lack of transparency was one of the main causes for all pervading corruption and RTI would...
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