Right to Free and Compulsory Education in Pakistan

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WAQAR AHMAD RANA
Topic: HUMAN RIGHTS (Rights to free and compulsory Education in Pakistan)

HUMAN RIGHTS:
Human rights imply the rights concerning to life, freedom, equality and self-worth of the distinct. The UN charter in its preamble reaffirms the determination of the United Nations “to save the succeeding generations from the scourge of war, reaffirmed faith in fundamental human rights and pledged to promote social progress and better standards of life. There is - of course, one might say - no absolute agreement as to how to define human rights, but among ESC human rights, the substance of the right to education is comparatively well defined: universal access to free and compulsory primary education, universal obtainability/approachability of secondary education, in specific by the liberal introduction of free education; equal access to higher education on the basis of size, in particular by the progressive introduction of free education.

Introduction:
(Rights to free and compulsory education in Pakistan)
In today’s period of technological advancement, development of nation is liked largely with the nation of their citizens and accessibility of trained human resources for the economy. Education not only nurtures talent and personality of the children from the beginning of their childhood, it also cooks them for their role as responsible and productive citizens. Education allows nations and local communities to gradually evolve and reinforce their system of social, justice, democratic institutions and foster valves of peace, harmony, tolerance, and mutual respect among their new generations. Education is the fundamental right of all human beings and an unambiguous path to sustainable socio-economic development. No society can dream developments if bearable proportion of its population is illiterate and considerable number of the children are not in schools. But the worse situation in Pakistan is that there are millions of children who are out of schools, the UN report identified Pakistan as having the second nastiest global rate of out-of-school children, with 5.1 million children out of school. This is how the right to free and compulsory education has being violated in the country. It is the utmost responsibility of the State to provide free and compulsory education to every particular of the nation. Education is a fundamental human right and essential for the exercise of all other human rights. It promotes individual liberty enabling and yields important development aids. So far millions of children and grownups remain deprived of educational chances, numerous as a result of scarcity.

Literature Reviews:
Endowment to free and compulsory education for all human being has been declared a fundamental right. Universal declaration of human rights, approved by the world nation at UN General Assembly in 1948, has recognized this right in the following words… Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory (Article 26(1), United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948) The constitution of Pakistan, approved in 1973, contain guarantee of the state for the eradication of illiteracy and provision of free education up to secondary level. Under the section of principle of policy, this determination was mirrored in the following words…The State provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of five to sixteen years in such a manner as may be determined by law (Article 25-A, section no 1: Fundamental Rights). Execution of the above article of the chapter on “Principles of Policy” has virtually remained slow which resulted in the low literacy rate in the country and segregation of millions of children from their fundamental right to free and basic education. The opening of Article 25-A, affirming free and compulsory education as constitutional right on papers is not sufficient....
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