ONE DAY NATIONAL
''RIGHT TO EDUCATION AND ITS INTRICACIES”
AT SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR
ON THE TOPIC
“Right to Education: POLITICAL, SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ASPECTS"
Mr. NIKAM SAMBHAJI M.
B.V'S NEW LAW COLLEGE ,
EDUCATION DEPARTMENT AUDITORIUM
SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR
Date: 1st March, 2011
Mr. NIKAM SAMBHAJI M. LECTURER B.V'S NEW LAW COLLEGE , SANGLI.
Education denotes a powerful instrument towards human life. It aims to manifest our lives in perfection, and develops human mind in solving various issues falling under daily routine.
As education in its social aspect has remained on papers and the real aim, quality has been neglected. As a result of which the institutions are focusing to only monetary benefits and real purpose education is falling behind.
The present research paper focuses on the various components considering the socio-economic as well as political issues where I would like to present significance of education in the context of education as a fundamental right. Though India is emerging as one of the powerful nation among the world, the implementation of the right to education remained unfullfilleddream till date.
The object of the paper is to focus in suggesting some measures to be adopted in future which will definitely improve the quality of education and promote the higher education.
“RIGHT TO EDUCATION : POLITICAL, SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ASPECTS"
1. RIGHT TO EDUCATION
1.1 INTRODUCTION :
More than six decades after independence, the Indian government has cleared the Right to Education Bill that makes free and compulsory education a fundamental right for all children between the age of 6 and 14.
Key provisions of the bill include, 25 % reservation in private schools for disadvantaged children from the neighbourhood, at the entry level. The government will reimburse expenditure incurred by schools, no donation or capitation fee on admission; and no interviewing the child or parents as part of the screening process.
The bill also prohibits physical punishment, expulsion or detention of a child and deployment of teachers for non-educational purpose other than census or election duty and disaster relief. Running a school without recognition will attract penal action.
Observing that it was an important promise to children, as education would become a fundamental right; India’s Finance Minister P. Chidambaram said that it would be the legally enforceable duty of the centre and the states to provide free and compulsory education.(1)
1.2 HISTORY OF RIGHT TO EDUCATION ACT:
The resolution has explained by Gopal Krishna Gokhale in the Imperial Legislative Council on 18th march 1910 for seeking provison of “ Free and Complusory Primary Education” in India. 1870: Compulsory Education on Act passed in Britain.
1882: Indian Education Commission : Indian Leaders demand provision for mass education and compulsory education Act. 1893: Maharaja of Baroda introduces Compulsory Education for boys an Amereil Taluk. 1906: Maharaja of Baroda extends compulsory Education to rest of the state. 1906: Gopal Krishna Gokhale makes a plea to Imperial Legislative Council for introduction of “Free and Complusory Primary Education” in India. 1917: Vithal bhai Patel is successful in getting the Bill passed –first law on Complusory Education passed. 1918: Every Province in British India gets compulsory Education Act. 1930: Hortog Committee Recommendation for...