Right and Wrong as a Clue to the Meaning of the Universe

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Book One: Right and Wrong as a Clue to the Meaning of the Universe

In chapter one of C.S. Lewis’ Mere Christianity he explains the existence of a right and a wrong or The Law of Nature. Lewis states that all cultures have the law even if they differ slightly. He explains that unlike the Law of Gravity, we do not have to follow the Law of Nature. Lewis says that it does not matter that we break the law regularly because there is no one enforcing it, but that the law is simply in place so we do not get too out of control. Lewis tells us that if there was no Law of Nature we wouldn’t feel guilty for breaking the law. In the second chapter, Lewis responds to some objections to the Law of Nature. The first objection is that humans could be responding to instinct. The second objection is that good people do bad things to others out of ignorance. Lewis’ argues these by saying that the law exists apart from humans. In chapter three, Lewis explains the reality of the law. He says we know the reality of the law by our response to it. Lewis states that we are aware when we follow or go against the law. He believes we should look at human behavior to find the laws existence because the law must exist to guide human behavior and make us feel guilty for breaking the law. Lewis says the Law exists, we disobey it and will feel guilty because we broke the law. In chapter four Lewis explains materialism and spiritualism. Materialism is the idea that the universe has always been and by some chance humankind was created. Spiritualism is the idea that a conscious being brought the universe into existence with a clear purpose. Lewis supports spiritualism with a series of analogies and states that there is a “Something” that controls the universe and appears as the law through him. In chapter five, Lewis tells us to be uneasy. He says that following the law is challenging, that God is serious about following the law, and that we are misleading ourselves if we...
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