‘Statement to the Knesset’ Anwar el Sadat, 20 November 1977 1. Read the full transcript of the speech
2. Annotate speech – noting rhetorical techniques, structural features and values/ memorable ideas 3. Read Stanners notes and add to your understanding of context and rhetorical strategies used 4. Read and complete the following
* The Knesset is the Israeli Parliament
* The speech was also broadcast live all over the world
* Born in 1918 in Mit Abul Kom, a town within the British Colony, Anwar al-Sadat grew up with anti- colonial sympathies. He became one of the first Egyptian students in a military school founded by the British where he pursued Maths, Science and military history. His interest in the Battle of Gettysburg and his meeting with Gamal Abdel Nasser while posted in a minor army base in Egypt re-enforced his militant anti –corruption and anti-colonial stance. * Sadat’s association with Nassar continued through the latter’s life and Sadat succeeded Nassar in 1970. As a result of Sadat’s opposition to the corrupt regime he was jailed twice and after the second term of imprisonment left the armed services to become Nassar’s minister for Public Relations in charge of monitoring the abdication King Farouk and Egypt’s independence from British colonialisation * Although overshadowed by Nassar during the latter’s lifetime Sadat became a militant leader who threatened Israel between1970-73. He was responsible for the war on Israel which began on Yon Kippur in October 1973 and ended in a stalemate. The weak financial situation in Egypt at the time precipitated riots. * It was in this context that the ‘Statement to the Knesset’ took place. His visit to Israel was unprecedented for an Egyptian leader and the Sadat Initiative as it came to be called culminated in the Camp David talks which were led by American President Jimmy Carter. Sadat was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. * Sadat’s improved relationship with Israel and America was greeted with suspicion and hostility in Egypt and although he tried to improve the living conditions of the poor particularly, in Cairo, he had many detractors especially among Muslim fundamentalists. Sadat was assassinated on October 6th 1981. * Source: http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/anwar_al_sadat.htm * There had been 4 wars, and continuous battles and terrorism between Israel and Egypt before this speech. The most recent was the Yon Kippur war- started by Sadat only four years earlier. * This was the beginning of Egyptian interest in reaching a diplomatic solution – later resulting in the Camp David Accord- a peace agreement * Sadat and Menachim Begin (the Israeli PM) were granted the Nobel Peace prize subsequent to this event (1978) * Not everyone supported Sadat’s diplomacy though and there was violent opposition.
Rhetorical Situation or Exigency (context-social, political, cultural, and idealogical) Description, Analysis, and Evaluation of the Arguments
1. What was the Sadat’s specific purpose?
2. Why is the context of the speech so extraordinary?
* Could no longer afford war
* America backing Israel
* Cold war
* Thirty year war
* Passionate peace keeper/statesman
Reception noble prize
3. What were the main claims advanced by Sadat to establish his argument? (facts, definitions, policies, values) * Five facts/ blue prints
* Reverence 4 faith
* Similar hatred of war and suffering
4. What were the counterarguments he considered and how were they refuted by Sadat? Never answered the charges but created the impression that he did so. Peace and justice- syntactical variation
What is peace?-
Organization and Style
1. Is the purpose made clear?
Yes ‘lasting peace, based...
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