Topics: Rhetoric, Oratory, Public speaking Pages: 2 (423 words) Published: March 12, 2013
Samuel Mendoza
Period 2
March 9th 2012
A speech is an oral presentation on an important issue. A speech consists of three important elements: its purpose, the reason for its presentation; its occasion, the event that inspires it; and it’s the audience, those who hear it at the time or who read or hear it later. Orators get their audiences attention and emotions into the topic by using rhetorical devices. Rhetorical devices are special patterns of language used to make ideas memorable and stir up emotions. Both Churchill and Gandhi used the four types of rhetorical devices: repetition, parallelism, allusion and dramatic alternatives, to grasp their audience’s attention.

Repetition is the repeating of any key words and concepts. In “Defending Nonviolence,” Gandhi uses repetition by saying, “I wanted to avoid violence, I want to avoid violence.” He repeats violence several times to get his point across on his views. In “Wartime Speech,” Churchill repeats his concept of staying, “united”, as one nation to overcome the oppressing German Army. He reiterates this to get the citizens of England to stay strong and to work together to defeat the threat against them.

Parallelism is similar ideas expressed in similar grammatical forms. Churchill’s “Wartime Speech” uses parallelism to show the similarity in the situation. “Only a very small part of that splendid army has yet been heavily engaged; and a very small part of France has yet been invaded.” Gandhi is paralleling man against man, that each man should be equal in all things. “A man of responsibility, a man having received a fair share of education, having had a fair share of experience of this world.”

Allusions are references to well-known people, places and events. In “Wartime Speech,” Churchill says, “I have received from the Chiefs of the French Republic, and in particular from its indomitable Prime Minister M. Reynaud, the most sacred pledges that whatever happens they will...
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