Revision for American Culture and Society

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“We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness” –The United States Declaration of Independence July 4, 1776

Nguyen Nhung D07-K52 Hanoi University of Technology Hewlett-Packard

Revision for “American Culture and Society”

1. The U.S cultural diversity.
What brought about the cultural diversity in the US?
"America is God's Crucible, the great Melting-Pot where all the races of Europe are melting and reforming... Germans and Frenchmen, Irishmen and Englishmen, Jews and Russians - into the Crucible with you all! God is making the American."—Israel Zangwill (1908)- * The US was described as a melting point by Zangwill.

* The U.S is a society of immigrants. Since its early days, the country has admitted more than 50 million newcomers, a large number of immigrants than any country in history. * The first immigrants were the Spanish.

* Then, French people came to the US for the prospects of wealth. * The British, who were the first to colonize (xam chiem thuoc dia) on a large scale, came for profit and also for religious freedom. * Throughout the 1600s and 1700s, the U.S was home to diverse cultures when the first Europeans & Africans arrived added their own varying cultures to this diversity. * Between 1840 &b 1860, the US received the greatest influx of immigrants ever. During this period, 10 million people came to America. Most of them mainly came from the northern and western Europe. * During the years from 1860 to 1914, the new wave of immigration began. The new immigrants were Latin, Slavic, and Jewish peoples from the southern and Eastern Europe, some of them were brought to US to be slaves working on agricultural estates. * A variety of Native American peoples who spoke more than 300 different languages. * Some statistics: In 1815, the population of the US was 8.4 million. Over the next 100 years, the country took in about 35 million immigrants, with the greatest numbers coming in the late1800s and the early 1900s. In 1882, 40,000 Chinese arrived, and between 1900 and 1907, there were more than 30,000 Japanese immigrants… Overall, the United States has become the home of immigrants from all over the world. The immigrants brought different languages & different cultures to the US. It is the flood of immigration that has affected, left an indelible imprint and brought the cultural wealth and diversity to the US. “Everywhere immigrants have enriched and strengthened the fabric (khia canh, co cau) of American life” --- John F. Kennedy, 35th president, the first Catholic to be elected President of The United States --- The U.S is certainly one of the most diverse countries of the world. * The US- a melting pot in the past & a salad bow, a vegetable soup nowadays. 2. Three most important events in the US history, their impact on the development of the country. A- The Civil War.

B- Great Depression
C- World War II
A- The Civil War.
Reason to choose this event:
Sequence of event:
* Throughout the 17th and 18th century, there were a large number of Africans (more than 10 million), unwilling immigrants, being forcibly transported to the America to provide slave labor in the Southern colonies. * “We hold the truth to be self-evident (hien nhien), that all men are created equal, that they are endowed (ban tang) by their Creator with certain inalienable (khong the chuyen nhuong) rights that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.” ---The Declaration of Independence-- * The ringing words of the America’s Declaration of Independence, “all men are created equal”, were meaningless for these slaves. * In...
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