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UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS General Certificate of Education Advanced Subsidiary Level and Advanced Level

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SOCIOLOGY Paper 2 Principles and Methods 2 Candidates answer on the Question Paper. No additional materials are required. READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST DO NOT WRITE IN ANY BARCODES. Write your Centre number, candidate number and name on all the work you hand in. Write in dark blue or black pen. You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams, graphs or rough working. Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid. You may not need all the answer lines for your answer. Answer two questions. The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.

9699/22
May/June 2011 1 hour 30 minutes

This document consists of 13 printed pages and 3 blank pages. DC (NF) 31906/2 © UCLES 2011

[Turn over

2 Answer two questions.
For Examiner’s Use

1

Sociologists claim that socialisation is more important than biological instinct in explaining human behaviour. They point out that learning plays an essential part in creating social beings and that this takes place primarily through interaction with others. Individuals begin at an early age to become aware of the existence of others and to take this knowledge into account as they form their own identities. The family plays a vital role in this process. For example, it is usually through interaction with other family members that a child first becomes aware of his or her gender identity and learns to recognise the norms and values that define how people of each gender are expected to behave in society. A range of rewards and sanctions may be used to encourage social conformity. While bad behaviour is punished, good behaviour helps the individual to achieve the things that are seen as desirable in society, such as a good job or high status. Functionalists believe that socialisation, together with the system of rewards and sanctions that support it, is essential in achieving a peaceful and stable society. However, conflict theorists question the extent to which modern industrial societies are peaceful and stable. (a) What is meant by the term status? .......................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................... [2] (b) Describe two rewards that may be used to encourage social conformity. .......................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... .............................................................................................................................................
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